China's History

By Frank and Zane

Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping was born on August 22, 1904 in China. He attempted to incorporate elements of a free enterprise system and other reforms into the Chinese economy. He was a Chinese Communist leader and one of the most powerful figures in China. After he had a fight with Mao, Deng restored China to domestic stability and economic growth after the disastrous Cultural Revolution. Under his leadership, China grew more economically stable and became a more free and developed country. He approved the 4 modernizations, which allowed China to recover after Mao Zedong's leadership. Deng Xiaoping died on February 19, 1997, after boosting China's economy and industry.

The 4 modernizations

The 4 modernizations were created after the death of Mao Zedong. These were the goals of the political leadership after Mao died. They wanted to undo all the bad things Mao started in China. The 4 things they focused on were:


-National Defense


-Science and technology

These goals were first set by Zhou Enlai in 1963 and enacted or approved by Deng Xiaoping in 1978. This helped China become a more developed country.

Tiananmen Square Massacre

In the spring of 1989, many university students and people wanted political and economic reform. They wanted more individual rights and freedoms (more democracy). Tens of thousands of students gathered in Tiananmen Square demanding democratic freedoms and reforms. Over the next few weeks many crowds of varying sizes gathered in the square to protest and fight for democracy. Because of all the unrest in the square, the Chinese military stationed troops in Beijing to stop the protests. By the beginning of June, the government prepared to strike again. On the night of June 3-4, tanks and troops advanced toward Tiananmen Square, crushing or firing on anyone that tried to block them. There was a lone protester that faced down a column of tanks as they advanced on him in the square. This successfully ended the protests, but 7,000 were wounded and 250 were killed. This was labeled as a massacre.