taiga

zackery catalanotto

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location

The biome taiga stretches mostly over North America,Asia,and Russia
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general characteristics

Because the earth is tilted on its axis the taiga has long nights and long days. Birds come for the many insects. The trees have adapted to the area and they grew thick bark so they are prone from wildfires. Also called snow forest or boreal forest. The taiga is the most biggest terestail biome.

abiotic factors

weather and climate.

In the taiga it is below freezing for almost six months! Most animals can not survive this harsh weather because its either too cold or there is no food.

temperature

In the winter the lows are -54 degrees C and the highs are -1degrees C in the summer the lows are -7 degrees C and the highs are 21degrees C.

precipation

The rainfall per year is 30 inches per year. Its precipation is mostly in the summer when it is humid and dry.

landforms

There is lakes,streams, and many other bodies of water.Some of the lakes in Russia are part of the taiga like Jack London lake in Kolyma Russia. The Jack London lake is a freshwater lake and its 10 kilometers long ,and the depth of the lake is 50 meters below.
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biotic factors

animals: bobcats,lynx,deer,moose, wolverines, and birds.

plants:berry bushes, bolsom fir, pinr trees, and moss

wolverine

It is a carnivore animal it can weigh up to 45 pounds and it can be up to 87 centimeters long. Its diet is small mammals. It is not endangered.

bobcat

It is about 2 feet long can be up to 23 pounds it gets it name from its stuby tail. its diet is small mammals like rabbits small ground dwelling birds. It is not a endangered.

lynx

It looks simaler to a bobcat and a house cat and it is very rare to see one. Its diet is small to medium mammals also small ground dwelling birds. It is not endangered.

deer

It is a herbavore it eats only plants. It is hunted for the meat and horns. It mostly eats berry ,grass and leaves.

caribou moss

It grows on ground and rocks and it looks like mold. Also sometimes herbavores in the taiga eat it. It is not really a plant it is a fungi .It absorbes its food by its surface cells.

white spruce

Some grow up to 150 feet and it grows into a pyramid shape. It is really called the Picea gluaca. It normaly grows 15-24 inches a year.

pine trees

They have needle leafs like every other tree in the taigas and it can grow up to 150 feet tall.There is about 115 diffrent kind of pines. most of the pines grow a diameter of 30 feet. Pines are monoecios plants they produce male and female cones.

balsam fir

The balsam fir is a tree. it can grow up to 40 to 80 feet tall. it can be found in mostly every where in the taiga. Its scientific name is Abies balsamea. It is rare to see a 87 foot balsam fir.

berry bushes.

The berry bushes is one of the main food sources for bears deer and other animals. The arctic rasberrys scientific name is Rubus arcticus .

human impact

There is so much human impact first there is logging mining and hydro electric power is going on in the taiga. There is pollution for all the heavy machinery. Then theres acid rain because of the smoke in the air. And the hydroelectric power is good and help saves electricity but there is also some bad things about it to there is chopping down trees,floods, and rerouting stream flow that causes the flooding. There is two things you can do to help the taiga use paper wisely and recycle plastics,old newspaper, and other things that are not made by nature.