Kitchen Safety

Darian Van Dyne Period 6

How to Prevent Accidents

You can prevent most kitchen accidents. The most common cause of accidents is simply being careless. Start with these basic safety rules to avoid injuring yourself and others:

~ Keep hair, loose clothing, jewelry, or apron strings from dangling. They could catch fire or get tangled in appliances.

~ Pay attention to your tasks.

~ Use the right tool for each job.

How to Prevent Cuts

Knife safety has an important role in the prevention of cuts. Keeping knives sharp is one way to keep it safe. Dull knives take more pressure to cut, which means the knife may slip. Always cutting away from yourself is important in preventing cuts. Other tips include:

~ Use a cutting board. Do not hold food in your hand to cut.

~ Do not try and catch a falling knife.

~ Use knives only to cut food. They are not appropriate, or proper, tools for opening cans or tightening screws.

~ Do not swing your arms when walking with a knife. Keep the knife loosely pressed against your thigh.

~ Wash knives separately from other dishes.

~ Store knives in a knife block, rack, or drawer divider.

~ Use a can opener that makes a smooth edge. Throw away the lid immediately.

~ Throw away chipped or cracked plates and glasses.

~ Never pick up broken glass with bare fingers. Use a broom to pick up large

pieces and a wet paper towel to grab tiny pieces.

How to Prevent Falls, Bruises, and Back Injuries

It is common to fall, bump into something, or injure your back in the kitchen. Avoid it by following these rules:

~ Clean up spills immediately.

~ Never walk on a wet floor. Clear away floor clutter.

~ Use a sturdy ladder or step stool to reach high shelves. Chairs tip over easily.

~ Choose kitchen rugs with nonskid backing.

~ Store heavy items within easy reach. Lift them with care.

~ Close drawers and cabinet doors after you open them.

How to Prevent Electrical Shocks and Burns

Electricity can shock, burn, or even kill you. Follow these rules to prevent electricity related injuries:

~ Keep electrical appliances and cords away from water, the sink, the stove, and

other heat sources.

~ Never use electrical appliances while your hands are wet or when you are

standing on a wet floor.

~ Unplug appliances before cleaning them. Do not put electrical appliances in

water unless the label reads immersible.

~ Keep appliances and their cords in good condition.

~ Hold the plug, not the cord, when you unplug an appliance. Tugging on the cord

may damage it.

~ Do not run electrical cords under a rug.

~ If food gets stuck in an appliance, disconnect it first. For a toaster,

turn it upside down. If the food does not easily shake loose, take the appliance

to a repair person.

~ Never insert a fork or other object into an appliance. You could get a shock.

The appliance also could be damaged.

~ Do not plug too many appliances into one outlet.

~ If someone around you gets shocked, do not touch them until it is safe. Turn

off and disconnect any appliance. You may need to turn off the electricity

at the main switch. This will protect you from getting shocked too.

How To Prevent Burns and Fires

It is very easy to get burned in a kitchen. Follow these rules to lower your risk:

~ Wear close-fitting clothes. Roll up sleeves. Tie back hair.

~ Keep flammable materials at least 3 feet away from the range.

~ Keep equipment clean. Grease buildup is very flammable.

~ Use dry potholders and oven mitts to handle hot items. Damp ones can cause

steam burns.

~ Turn pot and pan handles toward the center of the range. This keeps someone

from bumping a hot pan off the range.

~ Watch foods carefully while they cook on the range.

~ Tilt the cover of a hot pan so steam flows away from you.

~ Wait until appliances cool before cleaning them.

~ Stand to one side as you open a hot oven.

~ Keep aerosol cans away from heat. They can explode if heated. Their spray may also be flammable.

~ Keep a fire extinguisher nearby and learn how to use it.

How to Prevent Poisoning

It's important to make sure that you are not poisoned by pest control products, cleaners, or other chemicals that are stored in the kitchen. Prevent poisoning by following these guidelines:

~ Keep food away from pesticides.

~ Point spray containers away from people.

~ Keep household chemicals in their original containers.

~ Never mix chemicals or store them near food.

~ If someone is poisoned, call the Poison Control Center.

How to Handle Kitchen Emergencies

If an accident does happen, it is important to be prepared to take action:

~ Keep emergency telephone numbers by the telephone.

~ Keep a First-Aid kit nearby.

~ Have an action plan in case of a fire.

~ Learn the Heimlich Maneuver and CPR.

~ Call for help immediately for a serious injury.

How to Put Out a Kitchen Fire

1.) Use the right fire extinguisher to put out a small fire.

2.) Use baking soda, salt, or a fire extinguisher to put out a grease fire. Water may cause grease to spatter and burn you.

3.) Put the cover on a pan or close an appliance door if food is burning inside. This will

smother the fire.

4.) Leave a burning pan on the range. You could spill burning grease or spread the fire if you try to move it.

5.) Turn off the heat source or disconnect the appliance.

6.) If your clothing is on fire, stop what you are doing, drop to the ground, and roll back and forth to put out any flames.

7.) Leave if the fire seems out of your control. Alert others in the building. Call 911 once you are clear of the building.