By Nadeem Qureishi
- Immigration is playing a huge role in shaping our country as a whole and increasing population growth, as we rely on immigrants to make up for our currently aging population
- A large chunk of the foreign population had immigrated from Africa, South America, Asia, as well as South Asia. However,the top three countries are China, India and the Philippines.
- Out of all the G8 countries, Canada has the highest portion of a foreign born population, well above the portion in Germany (13.0% foreign born) as well as the United States (12.9% foreign born) (Census: Immigrant Population to Explode by 85 Percent by 2060)
2. Currently, Canada is relying on young immigrants with specialized skills and knowledge to help sustain and improve our economy.
- Firstly, the new immigrants are filling in job positions where Canada is currently lacking workers. For example, we are currently in need of doctors, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, etc.
- Not only are the immigrants aiding the economy by filling job positions, but they are also providing their own ideas/input on how to run certain things, and essentially, making us look from different perspectives to see the bigger picture. (Canada Skilled Worker Program - Immigration Visas)
3. Immigration is one of the only sources of our current population growth, as our country seems to have a steadily declining population due to a deacreasing natural increase rate.
- As of 2014, Canada has been ranked 24th for our net migration rate. (5.66 per 1,000 people)
- Immigration is not only helping by putting a start to an increasing population, but the young/middle aged immigrants, as they start to have families, will also help the birth rate flourish, which in due time can meet the death rate. (The World Factbook)
- According to an annual household survey, it was recorded that there was a total of 1,400,685 aboriginals in Canada, making up only 4.3% of the total population.
- Of the three main aboriginal groups, the First Nations had the largest population (851,560 people), with the Métis as the second largest (451,795), and Inuits following (59,445).
- Though the aboriginal population is extremely small, the population is much younger compared to the overall Canadian population. The median age of the First Nation population was 27.7 years, while the Canadians had a median age of 40.6 years, making the First Nations median age 13 years younger.
2. The First Nations population may be a lot smaller compared to Canada's general population, but they are growing a lot faster.
- The aboriginal population has increased by 20.1% from 2006 to 2011.
- There is a higher fertility rate with the Aboriginal women compared to Non-Aboriginal women in Canada.
3. Life expectancy for the Aboriginals are lower than the rest of Canada's population.
- Among all of the aboriginals, the Inuit appear to have the lowest life expectancy, which is 64 years for males, and 73 years for females.
- The Metis and First Nations have somewhat similar life span expectancy, which is 73-74 years for males, and 78-80 years for females.
- The life expectancy for the rest of the total Canadian population is shown to be 79 years for males, and 83 years for females.
- Currently, in 2015, Canada's total population consists of 7838 people aged 19 and below, 22154 people aged 20 - 64 and 5771 who are aged 65 and above. This totals to approximately a little above 30,000 people.
- As the elderly are taking up a larger portion of the population than the youth, there will have to be more workers working to aid one elder citizen, meaning as the years go by, there will be more workers helping aid a senior citizen, causing further stress on our growing youth. (Population Of Canada Projected To 2060)
2. The baby boomers are a big factor when we look at demography trends.
- According to the most recent census, 29% of Canadians were baby boomers.
- Because of the baby boomers, we have an aging population which is only continuing to age.
- The aging population from the baby boomers results in a lack of young, working age population to fill in job positions where we lack workers, thus, making our economy worse. (Immigration & Ethnocultural Diversity In Canada)
3. The natural increase rate we have currently, is starting to decrease, meaning we have a high death to birth rate ratio.
- As Canada is currently in stage 4, it means our death and birth rate is starting to stabilize, but we are starting to see more deaths.
- More people are not seeing any importance in having large families, when they can have smaller families and invest more time in them, thus making our birth rate lower
- The aging population is starting to slowly reach their life expectancy, making that chunk of the population fall off of the population pyramid, making the death rate increase, leaving us with a low birth rate, and essentially, a decreasing population.
"Census: Immigrant Population to Explode 85 Percent by 2060." Breitbart. 4 Mar. 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. <http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2015/03/04/census-immigrant-population-to-explode-85-percent-by-2060/>.
"Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada." Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada. Web. 14 Mar. 2015. <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm>.