Treaty of Versailles

By: Meghana V.

Background

World War 1 was the allies (France, Russia, Italy, and Britain) against the central powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary). Germany invaded many other countries with Austria-Hungary. After the war ended, the allies blamed Germany for the war because they were one of the central powers, even though Austria-Hungary was involved in the war, too.

Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919 at the Royal Palace of Versailles. This treaty was meant to be a peace agreement between Germany and the allies, but it only caused more trouble. Some of the terms included:


  • Germany lost 1/8 of it's territory. All the conquered land was returned to the original owner.
  • The German army could only have 100,000 men and 15,000 men for the navy.
  • They could not have any planes, tanks, or submarines.
  • Germany had to pay for all the damage.
  • They limited their ability to regain their economy.
  • And worst of all, Germany was forced to accept that they caused World War 1.

Outcome

The Treaty of Versailles did not resolve the problems after World War 1, it only created more problems. In fact, the allies knew that the Germans would be upset, but they were even more angry than they thought. Germany felt betrayed after finding out the terms. The Germans blamed all of this on the Jews, which was influenced by Adolf Hitler. This treaty ended the war between the allies and Germany. This also caused World War 2 and the Holocaust.