Tuberculosis

By: Courtney Koeberl

Description

Scientific Name: Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Shape: Bacilli


Kingdom: Bacteria

Phylum: Actinobacteria

Class: Actinobacteria

Order: Actinomycetales

Family: Mycobacteriaceae

Genus: Mycobacterium

Species: M. tuberculosis

Organism's M.O.

The bacteria spreads through the air by infected people coughing, sneezing, or talking.

Most Common Victims to Prey Upon

Targets everyone, but mostly adults are the ones to become affected by this bacteria.

Also people with HIV are at a greater risk of getting tuberculosis.

Hide Out Of The Culprit

Can be found in almost any part of the body.

Often attacks the lungs, but it can also be in the brain, kidney, and spine.

Most Common Injury Done To Victim

Chest pain and coughing up blood.

Is it considered armed and dangerous?

Rate of damage caused: 7/10

This disease has killed many people in the past, but the number of infected people is slowly decreasing. The symptoms of tuberculosis can be very painful and hard to deal with. Being that this disease is contagious, it is very easy to spread. Tuberculosis is deadly.

Number Of Victims

In the US, there are less than 200,000 cases each year.

Worldwide, around 2 million people per year die from tuberculosis.

Most Effective Weapons Against The Germ

Depends on whether the type of tuberculosis is active or not.


Active tuberculosis can be treated for 6-12 months with the following drugs:


  • pyrazinamide (PZA)
  • ethambutol (EMB)
  • rifampin (RIF)
  • isoniazid (INH)


Nonactive tuberculosis can be treated for 6-9 months with one of the following drugs:


  • rifapentine (RPT)
  • rifampin (RIF)
  • isoniazid (INH)

Other Characteristics

The cell wall is made of peptidoglycan and lipids.

Tuberculosis is nonmotile.

It is considered to be an acid-fast bacteria.