World War II

By: Alana, Sarah Kate, Peter

The Start Of The War

World War II was a global War that started by 1939 and ended in 1945.It involved a large percentage of the world population.Eventually the great forces split into two opposite military alliances, the allies and the axis. More than 100 million people served in the military.World War II was Marked by major events involving the death of many civilians, including the Holocaust.It was also the only war with the use of nuclear wepons.
World War II: How Did It Start?

Major Battles

1. Fall of France 1940 - Hitler becomes the master of Europe

2. Battle of Britain 1940 - British manage to stay in the war

3. Battle for Moscow 1941 - First major defeat of German army on the ground. End of Nazi Blitz victories

The Ally and Axis powers were two groups of nations that fought against each other in the second world war.
The AXIS: Germany, Italy and Japan.
The leaders of these countries were dictators. They wanted their own countries to grow and others to become weaker.
ALLIES: 50 countries.
led by Great Britain, the Soviet Union, France, China and the United States.

Deaths of the War

World War II was the deadliest conflict in military history. Over 60 million people were killed, calculating to be over 2.5% of the world population. The tables below give a detailed country-by-country count of human losses, and military and civilian deaths.
World War II: How Did It End?

After the War

Women’s Rights
During the war, the government of every country drafted men to serve in the army. Since men had held most of the jobs at this time, the military draft left behind emptiness in factories, offices, and farms. This emptiness was filled by women, many of which had never worked before. As the war went on, these women developed their self-confidence and gained a strong sense of independence. By the war ended and the men came back home to the U.S., the women refused to give up their jobs; many of them enjoyed making their own living and not having to depend on their husbands money. The government was forced to allow women to work and to increase their pay.

New Superpowers
Even though the United Nations had five major powers, there were only two countries that were economically powerful after World War II. The war severely injured the economy of the Western European countries, especially Britain, France, and Germany. These countries had dominated the world's economy before the war. The USSR had only been damaged on its western side; the east was completely unharmed. The U.S. had only sent its armies over to Europe; none of the fighting had taken place on American soil. The war actually boosted the American economy, ending the Great Depression and allowing the U.S. to become a superpower in the post-war global market. The two main powers that were left, hardly affected by the war, were the U.S. and the USSR.

The United Nations
Another result of World War II was the formation of the United Nations (UN). After the first world war, the Allies had created the League of Nations (LoF), whose purpose was to keep peace and stability in Europe. This had many problems though, which, in turn led to World War II. When they created the United Nations on October 24, 1945, the Allies made sure to improve the UN, mainly by splitting the power among five major countries (United Kingdom, France, United States, China, and USSR) instead of just two or three, as in the League of Nations.

War Crimes
Hitler committed suicide, however most high-ranking officials in Germany did not escape so easily. Around twelve million people had been murdered in total (half of them Jews) and this number did not include those who had been used for medical experimentation or tortured by the camp guards. Since genocide (mass murder of a single race) had never been publicly recognized before, there were no formal laws against it. Instead, the Nuremberg Trials took place, in which Hitler's remaining officials were declared guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity.


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Essential Question

How was our identity as a world changed because of World War II?