The History Of Tattoos
By Adrianna Pineda
How Were They Created?
How Did Some Cultures Use Tattoos?
- Ancient Romans found no reason to have tattoos unless you were a criminal. But over time the Roman attitudes toward tattoos changed. While fighting an army of Britons who wore their tattoos as badges of honor, some Romans came to admire their enemies' tattoos and what they symbol. Soon the Roman soldiers were wearing their own marks.
- In Tahitian when a girl reached the age of maturity, her buttocks were tattooed black. A tradition that continues among some today.
- When in mourning, Hawaiians tattooed their tongues with three dots and in Borneo they would tattooed an eye on their palms. It was a spiritual guide that would lead them to the next life.
Today's anthropologists do not just work in exotic locations. They can be found in corporations, all levels of government, educational institutions and non-profit associations. Anthropologists even work in disaster areas, including Ground Zero in New York and the Gulf Coast in the aftermath of hurricane Katrina.There are not many limits on career choices for anthropologists. For example AAA Minority Dissertation Fellows' research projects have focused on virtually everything from the spread of mariachi music across the globe, to reducing the exposure of farm workers' children to pesticides.Anthropological study and training provide the knowledge, skills and tools to work with people, study the past, and shape the future.From the Greek anthropoids (human) and logia (study), the word anthropology itself tells us it is the field that seeks to understand humankind, from the beginnings millions of years ago up to the present day. Anthropology considers how people's behaviors changes over time, and how people and seemingly dissimilar cultures are different and the same. You also need to have Bachelor's for entry-level; master's or doctoral degree for advancement and you make $58,360 yearly.
My Culture Japan
Tattooing has been practiced in Japan—for beautification, magic, and to mark criminals—since around the 5th century B.C. Repressive laws gave rise to the exquisite Japanese designs known today. Restricted from wearing the ornate kimonos that adorned royalty and the elite, outraged merchants and the lower classes rebelled by wearing tattooed body suits. Covering their torsos with illustrations that began at the neck and extended to the elbow and above the knee, wearers hid the intricate designs beneath their clothing. Viewing the practice as subversive, the government outlawed tattoos in 1870 as it entered a new era of international relationships. As a result, tattooists went underground, where the art flourished as an expression of the wearer's inner longings and impulses. The yakuza, the Japanese gangster class, embraced the body suits—even more so because they were illegal. Their elaborate designs usually represented an unresolved conflict and also included symbols of character traits the wearer wanted to emulate. A carp represented strength and perseverance. A lion stood for courage. Such tattoos required long periods of pain from the artist's bundles of needles, endured by wearers as a show of allegiance to their beliefs. Today, Japanese tattoo wearers are devoted to the most colorful, complete, and exotic expression of the art.