The Johnson Special

Overview of Johnson's Plan

- Each state had to withdraw in secession and swear allegiance to the union.

- Ratified the 13th amendment

- No pardon to high ranking confederates or owning property over $20,000

Freedmen's Bureau

This was established to help poor whites from the south and former black slaves after the civil war. Johnson did not believe this was necessary, so he vetoed it.

Civil Rights Act 1866

This mandated that "all persons born in the United States," with the exception of American Indians, were "hereby declared to be citizens of the United States." Johnson tried to veto but congress overruled.

Black Codes

South Carolina’s Black Code applied only to “persons of color,” defined as including anyone with more than one-eighth Negro blood.

1. Civil Rights

2. Labor Contracts


4. Apprenticeship

5. Courts, Crimes, and Punishments

Written Response

I do believe that slaves lives were better after the Civil War. Although they were not treated any where close to equal, they were no longer someone's "property". They were still treated very poorly, and I am not saying they had great lives, but I do believe that nothing could be worse than being owned as a slave.