Tang Dynasty

By: Jacob C, Teddy D, Austin V, Dylan M, and Logan H

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Politics

Created a structure called dao which divided the political districts. divided into local and and official systems. had the most detailed legal system. the legal system had four basic forms lu(criminal law) ling(Institutional regulations) Ge(administrative rules) and shi(formulas of office documents)

Earliest Tang Emperors chose Aristocrats to help them govern

Political Key terms

Aristocracy- the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles or offices

Bureaucracy- a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives

Army- an organized military force equipped for fighting on land.

Laws- the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties

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Civil Service Exam

Candidates took long tests to qualify for office.

The tests consisted of Chinese classics, poetry, and legal and administrative issues.

The questions were based mainly on the works of Confucius.

The test was created by the Han Emperors to improve the bureaucracy.

It favored the Scholars in the beginning, then aristocrats started Marrying into the royal family.

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There were two main rebellions: An Lushan Rebellion and The Great Peasant Uprising. Both rebellions were derived from taxes being to expensive.In the Lushan Rebellion, the peasants and people under Lushan leadership attacked the Tang military and took over Chang’an. Eventually, they were stopped by an emperor when he joined forces with Asian nomads.

The Great Peasant Uprising was a little different. It took place because everyone wanted land, from merchants to Buddhist monasteries. In result, they began to take the land of the peasants away which made them very upset. The peasants began to fight back and took over Chang’an again. They made their own government until the military drove them out.

In the Tang dynasty peasants could no longer handle the harsh treatment and decided it was time to revolt.