Greek Cultural Contribution

Wyatt L. Shelton

Architecture

Greek architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures and paintings. Every city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture throughout Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capitol Building, Supreme Court and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence

Government

Greek government is quite like ours, but is also quite different. Anyone can be on council by lottery and could only be on council for a year. They have a Democracy. Also Everyone can vote if you are male, white and over 18 years of age. Slavery is mostly what a buildings manual labor came from. Wars occurred when Greece was around they fought in the First Persian War and the Peloponnesian War.

They have a Direct Democracy we (the U.S.) have a Representative Democracy. Once you are 18 you can vote; if you register; you are expected to vote. Our government leaders have terms just like their council.

Mythology

Greek mythology was one way to explain the world. They explained many thing though. They thought everything is a phenomena. They had mythological heroes like Achilles, Theseus, Odysseus,and Hercules. They had gods such as Zeus who ruled the skies, Poseidon who ruled the sea, Demeter who ruled agriculture, Ares the god of war, Hades ruler of the underworld, Apollo watched over the archery, Aphrodite she watched over love, Athena who watched over wisdom,and Artemis watched over the moon. People wrote down mythology like Homer and Aesop. When you die you go to the under world to be judged good or bad.

There are many movies and books about the heroes such as Hercules and Percy Jackson. We also still study Greek Mythology today

Philosophy

Philosophy was scary to most ancient people. Philosophers like Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Archimedes, Hippocrates, Euclid, Herodotus, and Pythagoras tried to explain the world. Some of their ideas were that everything is a phenomena, Hippocratic Oath, Euclid discovered geometry,and the Pythagoras theorem. One of them wrote The Republic. They tried to explain why things happened and one of them though fire is the basic material of the world.

We still see doctors using Hippocratic Oath today. We use some discovered math skills toady like PI, Pythagoras theorem. Plus we still study geometry.

Sports

Sports are very important now and then, but there are some differences. Only free males could participate. They played running, jumping, shot put, javelin,and boxing. The only ones allowed to watch were gods, men and unmarried women. It was belief of Greek society. It was to test physical and mental discipline and the gods liked to watch the strong and healthy athletes. Greeks felt that sport is important.

We have the Olympics. We have many of the same events like javelin, running, shot put, the long jump,and horse racing.