VCR 6

Hannah Wright

Guess the Word

Barack Obama is the first African American ________________ to head the executive branch of government and the United States itself.
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Incumbent

N. A person who holds an office or position


N. Required as a duty or obligation

Parts of Speech

Adj: Already holding an office or position


N: Incumbency (in reference to a duty)

Side Note

Incumbent can also be used literally, as in "leaning" or "lying on". For example: the incumbent tower of books spelled disaster.
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Synonyms

Duty

Obligation

Officer

Leaning

Antonyms

Unnecessary

(Someone holding no position)

Straight

Roots

cubo, cubare, cubui, cubitum: "to lie down"


incumbo, incumbere, incubui, incubitum: "to recline"

Practice

1. The incumbent pile of papers threatened to topple at as moment; only the lamp beside them was holding them up.

2. At Charlotte Latin, it is incumbent that all parents take a class on teen drinking and addiction.

3. Bob decided to incumbent for power, so he ran for a chair in the US Senate, although he lacked experience.

4. When running for student councils, those students already incumbent are more likely to be reelected.