Job Application & Interview Process

Understand procedures for gaining employment

The procedures to follow when looking for a job include:

  • Complete a resume
  • Write a cover letter (or letter of interest)
  • Complete a job application
  • Interview with the potential employer
  • Send a thank-you letter


Purposes of a Resume

  • Provides a summary of the applicant's qualifications
  • Stimulate the interest of an employer
  • Saves time in the interview process

Guidelines for Writing a Resume

  • Keep it to 1 page
  • Showcase skills and qualifications, but be honest
  • Use reverse chronological order for education and work experience
  • Use "action verbs" such as , created or designed
  • Use present tense in describing a current job and past tense for others
  • Get permission to use names as references
  • Make it neat and spell everything correctly
  • Type and proofread carefully

Contents of a Resume

  • Job Objective: The job you are applying for
  • Special skills and abilities that are job-related
  • Honors and Activities: List any honors or awards you have received. Name activities you have participated in that relate to the job you want.
  • References available upon request: people who will recommend you to an employer. Should not be family members. Teachers, club leaders, neighbors, or anyone you've worked for before make good references.


Purposes of a Cover Letter or Letter of Interest

  • Serves as cover letter when mailing or e-mailing the resume
  • Sent in response to job postings

Guidelines for Writing a Cover Letter or Letter of Interest

  • Neatly type it
  • Address to a specific person
  • Keep the letter brief, clear, and businesslike (1 page)
  • Use business letter format

Contents of a Cover Letter or Letter of Interest

  1. First paragraph tells the position you are interested in and where you found out about the position.
  2. Middle or second paragraph stimulates interest in your qualifications and refers to your resume.
  3. Last paragraph should cause the reader to contact the applicant to arrange for an interview.


Purpose of a Job Application

  • Indicates an applicant's abilities
  • Determines how well an individual can follow directions, understand questions, and organize answers
  • Indicates neatness, thoroughness, spelling, and writing abilities

Guidelines for Completing a Job Application

  • Have what you need with you - pen, social security number, resume, names & addresses of former employers and references
  • Read entire form well before answering any questions
  • Complete all blanks - write "NA" or draw a line (-) if an item does not apply to you
  • Provide honest, complete and accurate information
  • Be neat - ask for another form, if necessary
  • Spell words correctly and fully
  • Print legibly with black or blue ink. Typing an application is also a professional way to complete an application
  • Sign properly, if requested
  • Review the entire form completely

The Interview

Interview Techniques

  • Preparation
  • Interview Etiquette
  • Following the Interview

Interview Preparation

  • Research the company
  • Practice
  • Dress the part
  • Take resume and references

Proper Interview Etiquette

  • Be on time
  • No gum
  • Go alone
  • Show self-confidence
  • Give introduction and handshake
  • Maintain good posture
  • Use appropriate body language (eye contact, gestures, etc.)
  • Speak clearly
  • Be a good listener
  • Sell yourself and your qualifications
  • Show interest in advancement
  • Tell the truth
  • Show a positive attitude and enthusiasm
  • Be prepared to answer questions
  • Do not criticize other employees
  • Thank the interviewer for their time

Interview Dont's

  • Rely on your resume to sell you
  • Tell jokes during an interview
  • Act desperate
  • Say anything about former colleagues or friends
  • Answer questions with a simple "yes" or "no"
  • Discuss personal issues
  • Answer cell phone calls or texts
  • Ask about salary (pay)

Following the Interview

  • Send a thank-you letter
  • Be persistent

The Thank-you Letter

Purposes of a Thank-you Letter

  1. Shows that you are still interested in the job
  2. Allows you a chance to clarify something you said in the interview or mention something that may have occurred to you later

Guidelines for Writing a Thank-you Letter

  • Thank the interviewer for talking to you
  • Let the employer know that you want the job
  • Be brief and polite
  • Send no later than two days following the interview
  • Proof the letter to make sure that there are NO mistakes

Other Methods of Follow-up

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