Spanish society in the 19th century

Art and culture, Society and Economy and industrialisation

Economy and industrialisation

Industrial Revolution was late and slow only in Basque Country, Catalonia and large cities.

Most of population still worked in the fields England or Germany used advanced machinery.

Railway didn't appear until the second half of the century.

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Bourgeoisie became rich and they also became the dominant social class.

The Industrial Revolution brought serious social problems very bad working conditions, child explotation in factories and in rural lived in extreme poverty. there were political demands of the working class.

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Art and culture

New social classes and bourgeoisie were now the upper class. They lived in modern neighbourhoods called ensanches.

Poor neighbourhoods with bad living conditions. Lower classes like factory workers lived here.

The steam locomotive and steamship became the main forms of transport. The first train line was between Barcelona and Mataró until 1848.

Coal burnt caused serious pollution.

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At the beginning of the century reflected the revolutionary Atmosphere and faraway places.


In the middle of the century shows aspects of the industrial society.


End of the century technological advances reflected on their work.

Generation of 98

  1. Group of Writers and intelectuals, Spanish modernisation of the country.

Scientific advances

Several researchers Ramón y Cajal first Nobel Prize.