Aggression in Toddlerhood
How it affects academics and how parents can help
Normal Aggression in Toddlers
What is aggression
How aggression affects academic performance
These difficulties include:
- struggling with planning and attention
- remaining on task in the classroom
- poor social skills
The lack of academic development leads to less time engaged in academic learning which in turn interferes with the child's ability to acquire essential skills later in life.
Aggression exhibited in 2-3 year old children is negatively correlated with 7-8 year old spelling, letter-word identification, and overall academic achievement.
What does this mean??
What can parents do to decrease aggression in their little ones???
Negative parental behavior can increase toddler aggression
- Parental physical and verbal coercion
- Parental power assertion over the child
- Aggressive behavior exhibited by the parent
- Parental drug use including smoking, hard liquor use, and illicit drug use
- Marital conflict
All of these behaviors are often associated with inadequate parenting practices.
Curbing negative parental behavior promotes positive parenting skill development
- Brook, J. S., Zheng, L., Whiteman, M., & Brook, D. W. (2001). Aggression in toddlers: Associations with parenting and marital relations.The Journal Of Genetic Psychology: Research And Theory On Human Development, 162(2), 228-241. doi:10.1080/00221320109597963
- Brennan, L. M., Shaw, D. S., Dishion, T. J., & Wilson, M. (2012). Longitudinal predictors of school-age academic achievement: Unique contributions of toddler-age aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(8), 1289-1300. doi:10.1007/s10802-012-9639-2
- Berk, L. (2010). Development through the lifespan. Illinois State University: Allyn & Bacon.