Proteins

The essential building block of muscles

Proteins (Breakdown)

Proteins are large biomolecules consisting of one or more long chains of amino acids. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within living organisms, including enzyme catalyzing, DNA replication, stimuli response, and transporting molecules from one location to another. Proteins differ from one another primarily in their sequence of amino acids, which is dictated by the nucleotide sequence of their genes, and which usually results in protein folding into a specific three-dimensional figure that determines its activity.Like other biological Macromolecules such as Polysaccharides and Nucleic Acids, proteins are essential parts of organisms and participate in virtually every process within cells.


Protein is present in all your cells, making up the tissues and organs in your body. There are many different types of proteins, including antibodies and enzymes, and they are responsible for everything from protecting the body against viruses and carrying out chemical reactions to transmitting signals between cells and transporting atoms and molecules throughout the body. Your body is constantly breaking down proteins and so you need a steady supply of the nutrient in your diet to support proper functioning.

Acrostic

P.Proteins are also necessary in animals' diets, since animals cannot synthesize all the amino acids they need and must obtain essential amino from food.

R:Ribosomes produce proteins from mRNA

O:Other proteins assist in different body functions

T:Translation is the process of synthesizing a protein from an mRNA template

E:Essential bonds of amino acids form protein

I: Increasing amounts of protein taken in helps with muscle growth

N: Not getting enough proteins results in loss of energy and other essential body functions such as strength and blood clotting

Why Proteins are important

When you don't get enough protein, your body will start breaking down muscle to get what it needs. Your organs and bones are also at risk. You may also suffer from compromised immune function if you don't get enough protein, and you may feel easily fatigued without the energy to carry out your daily activities and exercise. Greater risk of exercise-related injury is also associated with protein deficiency, as is slow wound healing. If your goal is weight loss, don't skimp on protein; compared to fat and carbohydrate, protein is the most satiating of the macronutrients, meaning it will help fill you up and keep you feeling full so you avoid overeating and food cravings.