Superlatives in English
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Example of superlative: "She is [the] most beautiful [of all the women here tonight]."
Simply put the word 'superlative' is defined as
- (a noun) an exaggerated mode of expression (usually of praise): "the critics lavished superlatives on it";
- (an adjective) the greatest: the highest in quality;
- the superlative form of an adjective: "best" is the superlative form of "good", "most" when used together with an adjective or adverb.
The rules to form comparatives and superlatives:
1. One syllable adjective ending in a silent 'e' — nice
- Comparative — add 'r' — nicer
- Superlative — add 'st' — nicest
2. One syllable adjective ending in one vowel and one consonant — big
- Comparative — the consonant is doubled and 'er' is added —bigger
- Superlative — the consonant is doubled and 'est' is added—biggest
3. One syllable adjective ending in more than one consonant or more than a vowel — high, cheap
- Comparative — 'er' is added — higher, cheaper
- Superlative — 'est is added — highest, cheapest
4. A two syllable adjective ending in 'y' — happy
- Comparative — 'y' becomes 'i' and 'er' is added — happier
- Superlative — 'y' becomes 'i' and 'est' is added — happiest
5. Tow syllable or more adjectives without 'y' at the end — exciting
- Comparative — more + the adjective + than — more exciting than
- Superlative — more + the adjective + than — the most exciting
- The Nile River is longer and more famous than the Thames.
- Egypt is much hotter than Sweden.
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
- This is one of the most exciting films I have ever seen.