Jackson Rudolph


Flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and fatigue can occur. Then the disease is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to AIDS. AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue, and recurrent infections.


You can contract the HIV virus from sharing needles, risky sex, and sharing any type of bodily fluids.

Immune Cells Involved In Immune Response

The immune system sends t-cells and b-cells in response to HIV, and while these cells do get rid of some of the HIV, some t helper cells and when these cells are infected, your immune system progressively gets worse and worse because the t helper cells control the immune response to the virus. Without these cells the HIV virus will take over and turn into the AIDS virus.

How Virus Replicates

A healthy cell, normally a T-cell (white blood cell) becomes infected by an HIV virion (virus particle) and then produces many new virions.


  • Get tested and know your partner's HIV status
  • To prevent yourself from getting HIV there is PrEP, a medication that can stop the virus
  • Have less risky sex
  • Use condoms
  • Limit your number of sexual partners
  • Get tested and treated for STDs
  • Talk to your healthcare provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
  • Don't inject drugs

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Antiretroviral treatment keeps the levels of HIV in your blood low. It doesn’t get rid of it but lets your immune system recover.