The Tang Dynasty
By: Darcey Touchette and Tanushree Sharma
The Tang Dynasty started when Li Yuan successfully defeated other rivals for the control of China.
Li Yuan rose to power by rebelling against the Han dynasty, and then took control. He was the first ruler of the Tang dynasty. Another ruler during the time was Tai-Tsung. The Tang dynasty expanded their boundaries by invading Kashmir and Bacteria. Through these invasions, China became the second largest size it's ever been. Other accomplishments during the Tang dynasty were trains and colleges. They also choose there chief officials (police) very carefully. Another accomplishment was their very comprehensive and detailed legal system. There were several reasons this dynasty came to an end. The ruler Xuanzon only cared about himself and not the needs of others. He only appointed selfish chancellors which caused the An Shi rebellion. Historians believe the Tang dynasty did not fall directly after the An Shi rebellion, they believed that there were more rebellions which forced Xuanzon to leave.
This is a picture of how far China was expanded during the Tang Dynasty
The Tang dynasty flourished in the arts and in their economic system. This dynasty was well known for it's beautiful paintings, vases, and poetry. They also traded with a lot of different countries, some of them included Northern and Southern China, India, the Middle East, and Europe. Trading was easier during the Tang dynasty because they had expanded their territories. Trade also became easier because they opened up national boundaries to foreign countries. When the Tang dynasty fought and expanded China, it brought more agriculture surpluses which provided them with more goods to trade with other countries. This surplus also freed more people to develop the arts because they were not needed to work the fields. This too provided them with more goods to trade. Not only did they have a great trading system but they also had a great irrigation system. In the Tang dynasty, they advanced in many things like farming techniques, farming tools, and the arts. Products like paint and clay were very important during this time because this time was considered The Golden Age of Art.
This is a coin from the Tang Dynasty
Inventions/ Technology/ Science and Architecture
The Tang dynasty was known for all of it's magnificent inventions such as paintings, poetry, tea, gunpowder, whiskey, music, dance, and more. One of the major inventions during this dynasty was vases. In this time of China, vases provided beauty, refinement, and expertise. Not only did they do that but they also had drawings on the vases that reflected thoughts of Confucius. This invention made the arts more available and important meaning, the arts were as important as education and not only available to the wealthy. But there weren't only just inventions during the Tang dynasty, there were also important buildings too. One of the buildings that is really important and is still standing in China is the Great Mosque of Xi'an. This building was the most oldest mosques in the country, founded in 742BC. This building started being built during the Tang dynasty and was finished mostly during the Ming Dynasty and expanded in the Qing dynasty. The Great Mosque of Xi'an was built completely Chinese in it's construction and architectural style except for some Arabic lettering and decorations, it is fully traditional. This building can hold over 1,000 people at a time, people come here to pray at dawn, noon, afternoon, dusk, and night. During this time, the Great Wall of China was also repaired. Most architecture from the Tang dynasty is used today in Korea, Vietnam, and Japan.
In the Tang dynasty they used earth tones on their pottery much like this vase
During the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was invented
In the Tang Dynasty, paintings were very popular
Religion/ Culture/ Social Life
The social life in China was mostly similar to other ancient civilizations. Although most people were farmers, the capital city of Ch'ang-an was home to over millions of people. The rich usually enjoyed their beautiful large homes and went to art shows and plays. Girls usually married at a young age. When they got married, they lived with their husbands and they weren't allowed to go to schools unlike boys. Boys went to school and the more they payed attention in school and the smarter they were, the better jobs they would get. Women were treated as if they were slaves. They cleaned the house, cooked the food, and taught their daughters because girls weren't allowed to got to school. During this dynasty there were a lot of farmers. Farmers would tend the crops and sell their harvest to others. Men only had one job and some of the possible jobs were, merchants, entertainers, joining the army, craftsmen, and being farmers. But there is one thing all of these people had in common, their religion. The Chinese all followed the three doctrines or also known as the three teachings- Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Buddhism became very important during the Tang dynasty and has been important since then. Not only did these people believe and follow the three teachings but they also worshiped their ancestors.
This is a painting of what the social life was like during the Tang dynasty