Traditional folk music and dance
By Emma Vilhelmsen and Sara Raaberg
How did the history of Scotland affect the traditional folk music and dancing?
After the Reformation
After the Reformation the secular tradition of folk music and dancing continued, even though the Kirk (Church of Scotland) tried to suppress the dancing, music and penny weddings, because the church was ruled by Calvinism. The Calvinism had strict rules about music and dancing. Only church music was allowed, and you could not sing, dance, play cards or anything like that. But the population used the music and dancing, to fight back the Kirk. They would be behind closed doors for “town meetings” and play music and dance the ceilidh. This time was also the time, which the bagpipe became popular for military purposes. The tradition of the bagpipe continued into the nineteenth century.
After World War II
After World War II, the traditional music was put aside for a while, but remained a living tradition. But it was brought to life again by Alan Lomax, Hamish Henderson, Peter Kennedy and others, by collecting, publications, recordings and radio programs with the traditional folk music. And in the 1960’s there where many folk clubs, where traditional performers came to the clubs to perform. After this, the music genre slowly developed through time.