American Revolution Project

For: Social Studies 9 By: Kayla Waldbillig

Activity One- Important People/Events of American Revolution

George Washington

-George Washington was a hero of the American Revolutionary War.

-Washington had experience fighting for the British in the French and Indian war.

-He led the Continental Army and served as the first president.

-On July 2nd Washington took charge of the American forces in Cambridge and set about to shape his rowdy individuals into a working army.

Benjamin Franklin

-Benjamin Franklin was a leading figure in the American Revolution, serving in the second Continental congress and as a diplomat to France.

-He helped to secure French support for the American contribution during the Revolutionary war.

-Franklin best embodied the soul of the American Revolution.

John Adams

-John Adams was not a solider, but he played a leading role in the success of the American war of Independence.

-He fought for Independence in congress and as a diplomat abroad.

-Adams was a critic of the Stamp Act

-Adams also spent many years in France and Britain as a representative of the American rebels.

Thomas Jefferson

-Thomas Jefferson wrote opinions on the colonists struggles against Great Britain and had very strong views regarding Independence .

-He never fought as a solider in the American Revolution, instead he used powerful words to fight for Independence.

-Jefferson claimed that the colonists were free people claiming their rights.

-Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence.

-People recognized him as a writer and thinker.

Boston Tea Party

-The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston on December 16th, 1773.

-The demonstrators, some disguised as American Indians, destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East Indian company in defiance of the Tea Act of May, 1773.

-They boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbour, ruining the tea.

-British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution.

Intolerable Acts

-In Spring 1774, Parliament passed a series of new laws, known as the Intolerable Acts.

-These acts were aimed particularly at Massachusetts.

-The new laws went into effect on June 1st, 1774. Boston observed this day with fasting and praying.

-The Intolerable Acts awakened a new spirit of unity.

"Sons of Liberty"

-Sons of Liberty was a formal underground organization with recognized members and leaders who were descendants that originated in the 13 colonies.

-The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight the abuses of taxation by the British government.

-Sons of Liberty were best known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reaction to the new taxes.

Boston Massacre

-The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5th, 1770 when a young apprentice insulted an officer standing near by.

-The officer then smacked the boy on the ear and minutes after an angry crowd gathered and men were throwing snowballs and chunks of ice at the sentry.

-During the Boston Massacre the British killed 5 colonists, and the British government removed troops after the massacre had ended.

Stamp Act

-The Stamp Act was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government.

-This act imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies.

-Parliament repeated the Stamp Act in 1766 but issued a Declaratory Act at the same time to reaffirm it's authority.

-The Stamp Act was called the Stamp Act because the colonies were supposed to buy paper from Britain.

Quebec Act

-The Quebec Act was an act of the parliament of Great Britain setting procedures of governance in Quebec.

-Reference to the Protestant faith was removed from the oath of alliance during this act.

-This act was an extension of the Royal Proclamation meant to push Quebec's boundaries into Aboriginal land (past the Great Lakes and into the Ohio river battles).

-Quebec Act's goal was the reconciliation of French and English in the colony.

Image Depicting the struggle for Independence

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Caption

This picture is representing one of the main causes of the American Revolution, taxation. I drew a stamp because I believe that a very important part to the American Revolution was the Stamp Act of 1765. The Stamp Act was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government. It started that the colonists had to pay a tax on any kind of paper document or printed material. Colonists were upset by this and felt that they were not being treated equally or fairly. This was a contributing factor towards the start of the American revolution.

Activity Two- 8 Major Battle Summaries

1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord

This battle took place in Lexington and Concord Massachusetts on April 19th, 1775. Some major players were Lieutenant-General Hugh Percy, Major-General Francis Smith, Colonel James Barrett, and Colonel John Buttrick. This battle was the first battle of the American Revolution and it kicked off the war. Tension had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and British Authorities. Finally on the night of April 18th, 1775 100's of British troops marched in order to seize an arms cache. British failed to maintain the secrecy and speed required to be successful, yet they did destroy weapons and supplies. The colonists won this battle.

1776 Battle of White Plains

This battle took place in White Plains New York on October 28th, 1776. Some major players were Sir William Howe and George Washington. This battle was fought when British General William Howe landed his troops, intending to cut off Washington's escape route. Alerted to this move, Washington retreated farther, establishing a position in the village of White Plains. For about a month in September of 1776, Washington rested with the main body of his army, watching the movements of Howe and his army. The colonists won this battle.

1777 Battle of Princeton

This battle took place in Princeton, New Jersey on January 3rd, 1777. Some major players were Captain William DeLaPlace, Charles Mawhood, and George Washington. The British General Howe ordered Cornwallis to Princeton to gather all available troops for a counter attack. On January 2nd, 1777 the British met with American units who began a fighting withdrawl, ambushing and delaying the British. During night Washington left a few men to keep the campfires burning, make noises, and keep up appearances while the rest of the army kept moving on. Colonists win.

1778 Battle of Monmouth

This battle took place in Monmouth, New Jersey on June 28th, 1778. Some major players were Sir Henry Clinton and George Washington. The army, under George's command, attacked the rear of the British army. Cornwallis pressed his attack then captured the hedgerow. Both armies held the field. The weather was warm and wet so therefore travelling was hard, muddy work. General Clinton believed the American army wanted to capture and take over his baggage train. In response he decided to attack where he thought the main column of army was. In the end this battle was inconclusive and there was no clear winner.

1780 Battle of Camden

This battle took place North of Camden, South Carolina on August 16th, 1780. Some major players were Banastre Tarleton, Lord Charles Cornwallis, and Horatio Gates. Both armies advanced at each other just after dawn. The British troops opened the battle when they fired a volley into the militia regiments causing a large number of causualties. Cornwallis ordered Tarleton's cavalry to charge the rear of the Continental Line. The cavalry charge broke up the formation of the Continental troops and they finally broke and fled. This battle was won by the colonists.

1780 Battle of King's Mountain

This battle took place near Blackburn, South Carolina and King's Mountain, North Carolina on October 7th, 1780. Some major players were Patrick Ferguson, James Johnston, John Sevier, and William Campbell. In September Cornwallis invaded North Carolina. His final objective was to march into Virginia to protect his troops from attack. Cornwallis ordered Ferguson to move northward into western North Carolina before joining the main army. Spies told Ferguson the patriots were on their way. The Patriot militia won over the Loyalist Militia.

1781 Battle of Cowpens

This battle took place in Cowpens, South Carolina on January 17th, 1781. Some major players were Banastre Tarleton and Daniel Morgan. The British drove in successive lines, anticipating victory only to encounter another stronger line after exerting themselves and suffering casualties. The depth of the American lines gradually soaked up the shock of the British advance. Later Tarleton's force was faced with a terrible surprise, and began to collapse, some surrendering on the spot while others turned and ran. This battle was overwhelmingly won by the colonists.

1781 Battle of Yorktown

This battle took place in Yorktown, Virginia on October 9th, 1781. Some major players were Lord Charles Cornwallis and George Washington. This was the last important battle of the American Revolution. After initial preparations, the American's and French built their first parallel and began the bombardment. With the British defence weakened, Washington sent two columns to attack the last major remaining British outer defences. By October 5th Washington was almost ready to open the first parallel. That night sappers and miners worked putting strips of line on the wet sand to mark the path of the trenches. The American's and French won this battle.

Major Battle Summary

1777 The Battle of Oriskany

The battle of Oriskany was fought between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the 13 Colonies in North America on Wednesday, August 6th, 1777. This battle was located in Oriskany, New York, and was one of the bloodiest battles in all of the American Revolutionary War.


There were a few major players in this battle for both Great Britain and the Colonies. Chief Joseph Brant, John Butler, and Sir John Johnson were the three leaders of Great Britain's army. For the US Colonies Nicholas Herkimer was the only major player. In the battle Nicholas Herkimer suffered a serious leg wound and therefore was sent back home and his leg was amputated. Complications from the surgery later resulted in his death. The battle occurred because of a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the 13 Colonies of North America. Great Britain's army consisted of 500 troops that included members of the British army. German Hessians, Loyalists, and members of the Iroquois Confederacy who fought against 800 American forces.


The battle of Oriskany resulted in deaths of approximately 50 percent of the American forces and 15 percent of the British forces. Based on the casualties and results of the battle, the British forces claimed a tactical victory over the Colonies, although in the long-term result it was a strategical victory for the American Colonies.

Activity Three- The Outcomes of the American Revolution

The results of the American Revolution fell under three main documents. Global effects, Declaration of Independence, and the Treaty of Paris.


There were many global effects that occurred as results of the American Revolutionary war. Political effects held a large part of the global effects on the revolution. Since the colonists had won freedom then a new nation was born. This new nation would create new laws such as insuring domestic peace, providing for the common defense, and promoting the general welfare. There was also a big part played in the economic effects. Like lots of wars, the American revolution strengthened the economy and created a great deal of business for small shop workers. Social effect showed the world that the strong and mighty army of England was vulnerable. Through the political, economic, and social effects there was one main result. The result was that now instead of 13 separate colonies there was the 13 combined United States of America. The success of the revolution inspired other countries to fight for a fairer and more equal society.


The Declaration of Independence was the fundamental document establishing the United States as it's own nation. This document was adopted on July 4th, 1776. The Declaration was ordered and approved by the continental congress, and was written largely by Thomas Jefferson. The main reason that the Declaration of independence was so significant to the American Revolution was because it is what led to our independence from King George III. It also justified our right to revolt against a government that no longer guaranteed us to our natural rights. The Declaration of Independence was also very significant because it listed what the colonies thought was wrong of England to do.


The Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris on September 3rd, 1783. There were three important Americans that negotiated the treaty. They were John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay. A year and a half after the British were beaten at the battle of Yorktown in 1781, King George agreed and signed peace. The Treaty of Paris was one of a series of treaties that established peace between Great Britain and the allied nations of France, Spain, and the Netherlands. It established the independence of the US and ended hostilities between the two nations. The Treaty of Paris also dealt with the defining of borders, restored the loyalists property, returned the slaves taken by the British, and the removal of British troops from American grounds. the major success of the Treaty of Paris was that it completely ended the American Revolutionary war.

Image Depicting the American's new found independence

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Caption

I chose this picture to represent the outcome of the American Revolution. The American flag has 13 strips alternating red and white, that symbolize the 13 original colonies that fought against British rule to gain independence. These 13 colonies contibuted greatly to the freedom of the country. The 13 colonies were later known as the countries first 13 indepent states, which came together as one nation.

Activity Four- Was the American Revolution Justified or not?

Central Question

Overall I believe that the American Revolutionary war was justified because the outcomes and results of the Revolutionary war still apply to how we live our lives today. The main reason the American Revolution occurred was so that the 13 American colonies could gain their independence, and be free from under the control of the British. The colonies did not want anything other than freedom and to be their own separate state. Through the American Revolution there were a lot of little battles that in the end led up to the colonies finally gaining their independence. On July 4th, 1776 the 13 colonies became 13 independent states and were then one nation, due to the Declaration of Independence. The American Revolutionary war was ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783. In the end I believe the 13 colonies got what they wanted and are now not under British controls so therefore the American Revolution was justified.

Sources Cited