Tuberculosis (TB)

A Preventable DiseaseTthrough Vaccination

IDENTIFICATION AND DEFINITION

Tuberculosis also referred to as TB is a highly infections disease that infects mainly the lungs that is spread through the air and can often be latent and never show symptoms although someone may be infected. There is a vaccine for TB, however it is not as widely used in the United States due to the low TB risk.

HISTORY OF TUBERCULOSIS

Tuberculosis has been present in humans since the medical history started to be recorded. However it wasn't till 1882 that the bacteria was discovered by Robert Koch and the diagnosis of TB started to become more readily available. Before there were good anit-tubercular antibiotics surgery was the main course of treatment

TRANSMISSION OF TUBERCULOSIS

Tuberculosis is only spread through the air. This is done by person to person when an infected person speaks, sneezes, sings, or coughs and an uninfected person breaths in the bacteria. It is not spread through hand shaking, sharing food or toothbrushes or kissing

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TB

Often times people may have TB but have the disease or show symptoms. When symptoms do develop the include:

-cough

-chest pain

-coughing with blood

-weight loss

-chills

-fever like symptoms


http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm

COMPLICATIONS OF TUBERCULOSIS

Tuberculosis can have some serious complications if left untreated, the most sever of these being death. Although is is typically avoided other complications include spinal pain, joint damage, and meningitis. Typically the lungs are the sight of infection, however the kidney and liver are also possible sights of infection which can cause problems in these organs.

RECOMMENDED CONTROL OF TB

Due to the high risk of transmission hospital and other medical care settings and the people who work in them are some of the people who are most at risk. Thus preventative strategies such as prompt detection of infectious patients and environmental controls are the norm in most places.


There is a vaccine for TB called BCG. Although the vaccine does not always protect against getting TB. And it is also important to understand who is at a high risk for TB. People who

-have HIV

-infants and young children

-IV Drug users

-Elderly people


When people are infected with TB but not yet showing signs and symptoms, it is important to receive treatment immediately through the use of antibiotics.

Refrences