Epistrophe and Epanalepis

By Erica Bradshaw

Definition

The use of the same word or phrase at the ending of sentences or clauses. Usually found in literary pieces, persuasive writing and speeches.

Examples from literature

Example #1:

"Where now? Who now? When now?" (The Unnamable by Samuel Beckett)


Example #2:

"The big sycamore by the creek was gone. The willow tangle was gone. The little enclave of untrodden bluegrass was gone. The clump of dogwood on the little rise across the creek-now that, too, was gone..." (Flood: A Romance of Our Time by Robert Penn Warren)

Epistrophe

Definition

The repetition at the end of a line, phrase, or clause of the word or words that occurred at the beginning of the same line, phrase, or clause.

Examples from literature

Example #1:

"In times like these, it is helpful to remember that there have always been times like these." (Paul Harvey)


Example #2:

"To each the boulders that have fallen to each." (Mending Wall by Robert Frost)

Epanalepsis