The war of 1812

By: Sydney Roberts

The four causes of the war of 1812

Cause #1: Impressment

The first reason is america declared neutrality and wanted to trade with Europe but neither Britain or France accepted it. In the impressment, Britain captured ships and kidnapped sailors again. At Chesapeake in 1807, a British warship tried to capture the Chesapeake ( an american warship). The Chesapeake ended up getting fired upon and the British kidnapped it's soldiers. Many americans were getting furious and this was a cause that led to the war.

Cause #2: Economic problems

Jefferson proposed an embargo to avoid war. The act was the " damn-bargo" act, This act made it to where america stopped all trade with Europe. This act was a good result because it kept american ships safe and and helped avoid war. But, there was also a bad result to it, without European trade, The american economy suffered. James madison was elected president in 1808.

Cause #3: " Warhawks" elected

The Warhawks wanted war against Britain. The congression from the south and the west for the " Warhawks " were elected in 1810.The south was angry because Britain had damaged their trade with Europe. The west was also angered because They blamed Britain for indian attacks on the frontier. Henry clay later proposed a new economy system for America. He also developed many compromises to prevent the civil war.

Cause #4: Native American Attacks

Americans violated the treaty of Greenville and moved into indian territory.The British troops armed the indians to attack americans because they were still in western forts. Tecumseh began recruiting and uniting tribes to protect their land. In the battle of Tippecanoe, William henry Harrison let his troops against indians, crushing Tecumseh's movement.

The Battles during the war of 1812

The fighting around the Chesapeake bay

The British navy moved to the Chesapeake bay and marched soldiers to Washington D.C. . At the end of this, the capital building and white house were burned.

Fighting on the Canadian Border

The american and British navies fought battles on the Great lakes. Britain also tried to invade New York and England where federalists were and then America tried to invade Canada at three locations but failed. Fighting on the border was a stalemate.

Battle of Baltimore


the British were trying to attack Baltimore but were stopped at fort Mchenry. Francis was inspired after the battle to write the " star-spangled banner " which became the national anthem. The British ships retreated and the Chesapeake area was saved.

Fighting at New Orleans

The battle of New Orleans was led by Andrew Jackson, where the americans defeated the British. This battle made Jackson a national hero and inspired nationalism.

The 4 Effects of the war of 1812

Economy

Factories grew during the war and america depended less on British manufacturing. It also boosted agriculture, certain agricultural products received a boost.

Politics

William henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson became heroes. Federalists looked unpatriotic after the hartford convention and " died out ".

Foreign relations

International respect-america had become a world power

Culture

" Era of good feelings ", America entered a period of nationalism. America turned away from Europe and went west to expand. America created a more unique and distinct culture from Europe.