Art Styles of the 1900's

Brian Murphy

Cubism

Cubism is the process of taking three dimensional shapes, turning them into fragments, and reorganizing them into complex angles and planes. It brought a new view to reality by redefining objects into separate shapes.

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Abstract

Abstract is a style of art composed of lines, colors, and shapes with no recognizable subject at all. The lines, colors, and shapes used in abstract are often combined into a blur, creating a mixture of these three details. Some famous abstract artists are Vasily Kandinsky, from Russia, and Paul Klee. They moved to abstract in order to move away from representing reality.
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Dada

"Dada is life without discipline or morality and we spit on humanity," (Ellis 451) is a famous quote by a dadaist. Dada is defined as a revolution against civilization. Dadaists often showed the horrors of the world, describing how it really was, and their goals were usually to shock and disturb views of their art. Some famous dada artists were Hans Arp and Max Ernst.
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Surrealism

Surrealism is a type of art that tries to show how the human mind works while it is unconscious. Surrealism stemmed from cubism and dada. One of the most famous surrealists, Salvador Dali of Spain, used images such as melting clocks or burning giraffes, in order to show the chaos of man in a dream state.
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Architecture

The architects in the 1900's rejected the classical architecture, and devolved a new style to match the now industrialized and modernized world. The Bauhaus school influenced architects to blend science and technology with the design they choose. This brought a large amount of attention to glass, steel, and concrete.

Frank Lloyd Wright, a famous American architect believed that the function of the house should be determined by its form, as whenever he designed a house, he used the materials and forms that fit the environment he was building the house.

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Music

African Americans combined western harmonies with African rhythms, to create a new style of music called jazz. Louis Armstrong took simple harmonies and added long variations of rhythm and beat. He produced popular and original music. The 1920's has since been known as the Jazz Age.
Louis Armstrong - Hello Dolly Live