What it is?
WiMAX base station equipment with a sector antenna and wireless modem on top
modern for mobile internet
The WiMAX Forum architecture
WiMAX refers to interoperable implementations of the IEEE 802 16 family of wireless-networks standards ratified by the WiMAX Forum. (Similarly, wifi, refers to interoperable implementations of the IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN standards certified by the WIFI ALLIANCE) WiMAX Forum certification allows vendors to sell fixed or mobile products as WiMAX certified, thus ensuring a level of interoperability with other certified products, as long as they fit the same profile.
The original IEEE 802.16 standard (now called "Fixed WiMAX") was published in 2001. WiMAX adopted some of its technology from wibro, a service marketed in Korea.
Mobile WiMAX (originally based on 802.16e-2005) is the revision that was deployed in many countries, and basis of future revisions such as 802.16m-2011.
WiMAX is sometimes referred to as "Wi-Fi on steroids" and can be used for a number of applications including broadband connections, cellular backhaul, hotspots, etc. It is similar to Wi-Fi, but it can enable usage at much greater distances