By: Darren Kremer
About John Browning
John Moses Browning
Browning's Machine Guns
Browning later designed the Model 1910. This machine gun replaced the hammer firing method with the firing-pin. "He added a pistol grip with fiber buffer discs that absorbed excess energy and helped "bounce" the bolt back to battery and simplified the ejection system to eject the spent cartridges out through the bottom" (sadefensejournal.com). Browning's Machine gun's used water-cooling systems. This means there is a "jacket" around the barrel filled with water to help cool the heat generated in the barrel after firing. The U.S military showed little to no interest in machine guns. But upon entering World War 1, the U.S military had a meeting in Washington D.C calling to american fire arms inventors. Browning showed up and displayed his M1917 Machine gun, which was an improved version of the Model 1910. The military requested that 20,000 rounds were fired out of the Machine gun. To their surprise the M1917 fired 20,000 without a single part malfunction or breakage. Browning then fired an additional 20,000 rounds, so he fired a total of 40,000 rounds with only a single failure of a component part. The Military then began sending M1917s over to their troops in France.
Brownings M1895 "Potato Digger" saw action in WW1. After the Spanish-American war in 1898, U.S gov was interested in machine guns, they took to a John Browning design under Colt known as the M1985. The M1895 is an gas-operated machine gun, that is air-cooled, and belt-fed. The way gas pressure works is, gases are generated behind the leaving bullet, these gases can be pulled through a small opening into a cylinder. This gas then triggers a lever action arm that creates automatic firing. The arm is located under the barrel were it gets pulled backwards into the receiver by gas pressure, this then opens the breech of the gun which releases the shell of the bullet. However to operate the arm needs an 8 inch clearance, unless the gun dug itself into dirt, this is where the nickname "Potato Digger" comes from.
Model 1917 Browning water cooled machine gun.
M1917 Browning machine gun with all components, including water feed (bottom left) for the water-cooling system.
D.C Gun Show
Congress men and Browning test Browning's M1917 machine gun.
John Browning's Colt
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