There isn't known with accuracy the origin of the city of Oxford. John Rous affirms in his book Historium Regum Angliae that a city called Caer-Memre was constructed in the river Thames on 1400-1500 B.C. According to this version, the city would have had several names before the Saxons were putting "Oxenfordia". Others historicist defend the popular theory that Oxford was founded by the Trojans, it is supposed that they came to Great Britain on 1100 B.C. Other versions affirm that a king called Arviragus founded the city in 70 A.D.
In 1214 the University received a charter from the Pope. Oxford's strong Catholic traditions Oxford as an important centre of religious activity continues today.
FAMOUS PLACES AND BUILDINGS:
OXFORD UNIVERSITY:Henry II who had built Beaumont Palace (of which no trace remains) as a residence near where Worcester college now stands, and who had given the city a charter in 1155, clearly established Oxford as England's principle academic centre.
Today there are 39 colleges of varying age, size and character. Every student at the university is a member of a college, which provides students with accommodation, meals, tutoring, libraries, common rooms, and sports and social facilities. Famous oxonians are: Oscar Wilde, JRR Tolkien, Stephen Hawking, etc...
It is the oldest Botanic Garden in Oxford, Britain. The Botanic Garden is the most compact, yet diverse collection of plants in the world. It was founded in 1621 like a garden of medicin plants.
RADCLIFFE CAMERA: (Camera, meaning "room" in Latin; colloquially, "Rad Cam" or "The Camera") is a building of Oxford University,designed by James Gibbs in neo-classical style and built in 1737-1749 to house the Radcliffe Science Library. It is sited to the south of the Old Bodleian, north of St. Mary's Church, and between Brasenose College to the west and All Souls College to the east.
KASSAM STADIUM: Is the home of Oxford United Football Club and London Welsh Rugby Football Club, and is named after the ground's owner. The stadium is officially owned by one of Kassam's Firoka Group companies, and hosted its first football match on 4 August 2001.
HUMPHREY SEARLE (1915-1982) was an english composer. He studied at Royal of Music and in Viena. He composed five shymphonies, two piano concertos, three operas, orchestral works and trilogy of works of speaker, chorus and orchestra
RADIOHEAD are an English alternative rock band from Abingdon, Oxfordshire, formed in 1985. The band consists of Thom Yorke (lead vocals, guitar, piano), Jonny Greenwood (lead guitar, keyboards, other instruments), Colin Greenwood(bass), Phill Selway (drums, percussion, backing vocals) and Ed O'Brien (guitar, backing vocals).
In Oxford it is practised differents sports:
-Oxford RLFC entered Rugby League's semi-professional, (2013)
-Oxford Harlequins RFC is the city's main Rugby Union team and currently plays in the National League 3 South West.
-Oxford Cheetahs motorcycle speedway team has raced at Cowley Stadium on and off since 1939.
-Oxford City Stars is the local Ice Hockey Team which plays at Oxford Ice Rink. There is a senior/adults’ team and a junior/children’s team.
-Oxford Saints is Oxford's senior American Football team. One of the longest running American Football clubs in the UK.
-Headington RoadRunners based at the OXSRAD sports facility in Marsh Lane (next to Oxford City FC) is Oxford's only road running club.
-J. R. R. Tolkien.
- "Harry Potter" (all the films to date) based on the novels by J.K. Rowling.
- The Scarlet Pimpernel.
- X-Men: First Class.