Australia and Oceania

Facts

Languages

Australian English, Strine

History

  • Aboriginal people arrived by boat from Southeast Asia during the Ice age
  • 1 million people came by boat
  • 300 clans with 250 languages and 700 slaves
  • Australia used to be known as New Holland
  • In 1770 Captain James Cook claimed for Britain
  • January 21, 1788 11 ships arrived with 1,500 people half were convicts
  • In 1820's land was changed into Farmland
  • January 1901 it became a Nation

Religion

Most common is Christianity

Recreation Activities

  • Darwin's Waterfront
  • Stromlo Forest Park
  • Pinnacles, Namburg National Park
  • Alps


Population

22.6 million

Area

297 million square miles

Government

Constitutional Monarchy

Major Places

  • Great barrier Reef
  • Ulura


Climate

Temperate weather, Northern states are warmer, Southern states are cooler and rainfall is less than 6 milimeters

Landforms

  • 5,000 kilometers of coastline
  • Outback
  • Alps

Daily Life

  • Bankers have normal business hours
  • extensive communication devices
  • electricity is 240/250 volts
  • trains, buses, trams, ferries and taxis

Natural Resources

  • Oil
  • Coal
  • Iron Ore
  • Gold
  • Diamonds
  • Silver
  • Natural Gas

Arts

  • Traditional Indigenous
  • Contemporary Indigenous

Economy

  • Modern Market Economy
  • 13th largest Economy