Ancient Egypt


About Egypt

Egypt is located in the northern part of Africa. From this area one of the world's oldest civilizations grew. To the north of Egypt is the Mediterranean Sea. To the east of Egypt is the Red Sea. Farmers first settled in Egypt along the Nile River around 5000 B.C. The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea from the south. Egypt receives little rainfall. Without the Nile River, the area would be entirely desert. Before modern dams were built the Nile River would flood each year.

Ancient Egyptians

The ancient Egyptians enjoyed many natural barriers. There were deserts to the east and west of the Nile River, and mountains to the south. This isolated the ancient Egyptians and allowed them to develop a truly distinctive culture.

The Nile is the world's longest river. It is over 4000 miles long! It is shaped like the lotus flower so often seen in ancient Egyptian art. Each spring, water would run off the mountains and the Nile would flood. As the flood waters receded, black rich fertile soil was left behind. The ancient Egyptian called this rich soil The Gift of the Nile.

Fertile soil for crops was not the Nile's only gift. The Nile gave the ancient Egyptians many gifts. Thanks to the Nile, these ancient people had fresh water for drinking and bathing. The Nile supported transportation and trade. It provided materials for building, for making cloth for clothes, and even for making paper - made from the wild papyrus weed, that grew along the shores of the Nile.

Because of the annual flooding of the Nile, the ancient Egyptians enjoyed a high standard of living compared to other ancient civilizations. Without the Nile, Egypt would be a desert.

Ancient Beliefs

The Egyptians had strong religious beliefs. Two important gods of the Egyptians were Osiris, god of the Nile, and Isis, god of fertility. The Egyptians believed in many gods. They believed that many things held power. They worshipped gods of the stars, stones, and water. Each city had its own god or goddess. The local gods were not worshipped. They were thought of as someone to bargain with for favors. If you wanted your crops to grow, or wanted to heal an illness, you would take food or clothing to the local temple. The priest would take the offering and pray in a special language to the gods.

Extra Facts

Part of the beliefs i said there were two special gods well Osiris was the mother drawn as a beautiful woman,Isis was the father king of the afterlife shown the face of a reigning pharaoh

Finish about ancient egypt even more on ancient china and ancient greece