Assessment for Learning

The Five Strategies

What are the five strategies?

#1 - Clarifying, understanding, and sharing learning intentions
#2 - Engineering effective classroom discussions, tasks, and activities that elicit evidence of learning
#3 - Providing feedback that moves learners forward
#4 - Activating students as learning resources for one another
#5 - Activating students as owners of their own learning

Formative and Summative Assessment

Formative assessment is about seeing where the student can potentially go. It is about what the future will hold for the student. These types of assessments reflect on the potential. Summative assessment focuses on where a student is at a particular moment in time. These assessments also focus on a specific area. It is different from formative assessment because it is all about the right now rather than the later.

Both sets of assessment should be incorporated into the classroom environment. Formative assessment that is often implemented in the classroom environment are quizzes, assigned reading, and journals. These examples allow the teacher to see what the student could potentially be able to do and gives them a blueprint about what direction to do. Summative assessment is more on the structured side. Examples of summative assessment include state testing and exams.

Allowing the students a time to freely write in a journal could be both beneficial to the student and the teacher. It will allow the teacher to see what the future could possibly hold for the student. What the student desires to do. State testing could also be beneficial. It will allow the teacher to see in which areas the student is lacking at a particular time in comparison to their peers.

It is about having a balance. You want to the students to not feel stifled but you also want them to learn. It is about incorporated a myriad of things to find the right balance that works for the classroom. The students should feel engaged. The students should also feel a sense of responsibility for their own learning. Allow the students to direct each other and learn together. Allow the students to ask questions about what they may not understand or merely give their perception.


Newman, R. (2013). Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century: Connecting the Dots. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Rystad, M. (2013, April 7). Assessment for Learning [Video file]. Retrieved from