Down Syndrome

By Sophie Richardson

What is Down Syndrome?

Down Syndrome is a genetic condition which is caused when someone develops an extra chromosome. Instead of having 46 chromosomes, people with Down Syndrome have 47 chromosomes. One of every 700 - 900 babies worldwide will have Down Syndrome.

Effects of Down Syndrome

The effects of having Down Syndrome is having some characteristic physical features, some health and development challenges and some level of intellectual disability. These effects can vary depending on the type of person because no two people are the same.
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Emotional Impact

Finding out that your unborn baby has Down Syndrome can obviously affect you in many ways. The most common and understandable emotion that mothers feel on Diagnosis Day is shock and sorrow. The intensity of this shocks them.


The stage of pregnancy that a baby can be scanned for Down Syndrome is during the first and second trimester. In the first trimester, the scan would usually happen between 9 and 13 weeks of pregnancy. In the second trimester, the scan would happen between 14 and 20 weeks of pregnancy.