Time to Work

Child labor the bad and the ugly -Trent Turner

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What a Life

A group of boys, seen in the picture, is a group of chimney sweeps. They, forced to help creat an income for their family, have traded playing in the yard to working in the chimney.

Jobs Children Did in the Factories

  • In urban factories and textiles children, with a size advantage, were able to squeeze under and in the machines to fix whatever issue it had caused.
  • Children, with a size advantage, were able to squeeze into small coal mind shafts and were more adjile. As well as push heavy coal trucks along the tunels.
  • On street sides, children worked as sellsmen offering things like flowers, matches, and ribbons
  • Some boys, known as crossing boys, swept roads clean from horse dung and rubbish left from horses and carts
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Work Hours, Food, and Working Conditions

-The poor working class' quality of food dropped making potatoes, and rotten vegetables a daily meal.


-It was common for a poor family to on have meat 2-3 times a week if that. With a developing child, the lack of nutrients would harm the child's growth.


-It was common for a family to only have available meat to eat 2-3 times a week.


-Conditions in coal minds, where many Victorian children often worked, were terrifying, with lack of ventilation, constant loud noise, rats and the looming ever present threat of a cave in or explosion.


-With many hard working conditions in the minds children developed respiratory problems, and with tight conditions deformed backs.

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Accidents that often Happened

-One interviewed hospital was interviewed during the Victorian era, reporting they saw over one thousand child patients yearly due to work accidents.


-In use of the cotton gen, many got their hand caught in the machinery and had the skin and muscle ripped off to bone.


-In coal minds many cave ins or collapses happened on a regular basis and were a looming threat.


-In the coal minds their are many accidents in one being, a horse driver, getting coal to the surface, was crushed between the horse and the wall of the cave.

Punishments Children Faced

-In some factories the punishment for working "tiered", the child would be dipped head first in cistern and sent back to work.


-Most factories punished the children through physical abuse with straps, and sticks.


-Many children attempted to escape hard blacksmithing jobs. Though many children were caught and then punished by the blacksmith branding the child.


-In an all girls mill, when one girl began to rise talks of running away, she was punished by getting a hair cut bald.

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Efforts to Improve/Stop child Labor

-After years of horrid child labor, a campaign started to stop it. Beside obvious marches and rallies, authors such as Charles Dickens wrote books detailing the horrible conditions.


-After the years of rallies 2 pieces of legislator was put into place by England's government


-The Factory act of 1833, made it illegal for a child under 9 years of age to work, and limited hours for ages 9 to 13 years of age.


-The Mines act of 1842 made it illegal to have any workers under the ages of 10 years of age.