Cold War

Anise Butler

Arms Race

a competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the US and the former Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Fallout Shelters

enclosed space specially designed to protect occupants from radioactive debris or fallout resulting from a nuclear explosion.

House Un-American Activities Committee

was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.

Alger Hiss

was an American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950.

Rosenberg Case

A court case involving Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, an American couple who were executed in 1953 as spies for the Soviet Union.

Joseph McCarthy

was an American politician who served as a U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957.

Hollywood blacklist

entertainment industry blacklist is generally known was the practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other American entertainment professionals during the mid-20th century

Space Race

the competition between nations regarding achievements in the field of space exploration.

NASA

is the agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

Iron Curtain

the notional barrier separating the former Soviet bloc and the West prior to the decline of communism that followed the political events in Eastern Europe in 1989.

Berlin Airlift

A military operation in the late 1940s that brought food and other needed goods into West Berlin by air after the government of East Germany, which at that time surrounded West Berlin.

Truman Doctrine

the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection. First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey.

Containment

the action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits.

Marshall Plan

A program by which the United States gave large amounts of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after the devastation of World War II.

38th parallel

north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Douglas MacArthur

oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led United Nations forces in the Korean War.

Suez Canal Crisis 1956

A major international incident that arose in 1956 from the decision by Gamal A. Nasser of Egypt to nationalize the Suez Canal, which long had been controlled by Great Britain.

Geneva Accords

arranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War. The agreement was reached at the end of the Geneva Conference.

17th parallel

was the provisional military demarcation line between North and South Vietnam established by the Geneva Accords of 1954.

John Foster Dulles

Born into a family of statesmen, Dulles became an international lawyer for a Wall Street firm and attended the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 as part of the Reparations Commission and Economic Council.

Massive Retaliation

also known as a massive response or massive deterrence, is a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack.

Central Intelligence Agency

is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world

NATO

is a military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states.

Warsaw Pact

answer to NATO, the Warsaw Pact included Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union.

SEATO

was an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty.

U-2 Incident

occurred during the Cold War on 1 May 1960, during the presidency of Dwight D.

Fidel Castro

is a Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as its Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as its President from 1976 to 2008.

Bay of Pigs

1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban.

Cuban Missile Crisis

A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba; one of the “hottest” periods of the cold war.

Brinkmanship

the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, typically in politics.