The Sun

Mackenzie Whaley May 3, 2016

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1. Core

The source of the suns energy come from the core. Even though you cannot see the core it burns at a million degrees kelvin. Plasma is made up of protons and electrons which makes up the core. Some facts about the suns core.

2. Radiative Zone

The radiative zone is located in between the core and the convective zone. Nuclear fusion generates power for electromagnetic radiation to move outward. Convection cells made of heat and energy come from the radiative zone and into the convective zone. The radiative zone is usually smaller because the convective takes up most of the space.

3. Convection Zone

Vibrations in the convection are caused by plasma. As you go deeper it gets hotter and hotter. This makes ions hold onto their electrons were radiation can't get through. This makes the plasma start to boil. The convection occurs when temperature of gradient is larger than adiabatic gradient. It will move on until it is warmer then the stuff around. The plasma in the convection zone cools and rises as it's expands till it is visible.

4. Photosphere

The surface of the sun is called the sun. When you look at the sun their is a light coming form the edges. Since the sun is a a great big ball of gas there is no edge. But some people imagine that the photosphere is the surface of the sun. That is were light is emitted and is able to be seen.

5. Chromosphere

At temperatures of 6,000 to 20,000 Celsius the hydrogen gives off red color. Which can see during a solar eclipse. It can also be visible in light emitted ionized calcium.

6. Corona

The corona is not that bright compared to the photosphere. It can only be when the sun covered by a eclipse or using a covered by a solar eclipse or using a chronograph.

Sunspots

Sunspots are dark spots cause by magnetic field lines coming up through the sun. Sunspots are dark because they are cooler than the sun. So, the stick out on the sun.

Prominence

Ionized gas is what solar prominence that extends into the corona. Which can extend out to hundreds or thousands of kilometers. They can also last for several months and be seen. But it can only be seen through a spectroscope.

Flare

When magnetic energy is built up in the atmosphere which causes a flare. Electrons, protons, and nuclei are released when a flare happens. Flares can extend out all the way from the corona of the sun.

Aurora

A aurora or the northern lights; are usually occur when solar flares collide with atoms and molecules in the atmosphere. Then the light could turn out to be red, green, pink, or purple.

Aurora

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http://science-all.com/aurora.html