Ebola And How Canada Is Involved

By Sarah Richey

Big image

What Is Ebola? And All About It!

Ebola first surfaced in 1976, Ebola is a very deadly disease that began last summer in the four West African countries. This includes: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. By mid-August, 1,069 people had died, and another 1,975 ill with the harsh disease. It seemed to be the largest outbreak the world has EVER seen! Those infected with Ebola first start off with some flu-like symptoms. Such as: fever, headache, muscle aches, pains, and a sore that. Then the worse comes in such as: vomiting, diarrhea, then external and internal bleeding. Currently, there is no vaccine against Ebola, and obviously no known cure. The death rate, up to 90%, is among the highest of any disease! This time, about 60% of that are dying, sadly. But on the good side is that hospital care can improve a victims chance of survival. Ebola IS spread from human to human, but not as easily as you would think. Truth is, its actually not that contagious. To catch it requires direct contact with the blood, urine, sweat, saliva or muscle tissues of one who seem to have the symptoms. On August 8, WHO declared the Ebola outbreak an international health emergency. It urged the world to provide support. With people and resources, Ebola victims can be found and isolated. The disease can be stopped!

How And Why Is Canada Involved With Ebola

Canada is a BIG part of the Ebola outbreak. The United States and some other countries have been helping out with the crisis as well. They've sent disease specialists, supplies, trial vaccines and funds to West Africa. However, experts say that more help is needed, quickly. MSF (Doctors Without Boarders) is a organization that Canada is involved in. They help with MANY things in poor countries, such as: aid, water, food and shelter. Speaking of shelter, due to Ebola, MSF has built a Ebola management center that opened in August in Liberia. It filled up immediately, dozens who showed up the next day couldn't get help. Dr. Margaret Chan, the head of WHO, says the four countries just aren't able treat everyone who needs help. It's the largest they've ever built though! The management center incudes, 250 beds, 1,343 admissions, 1.128 confirmed cases and only 301 recovered! That's not good. A fact about MSF: a doctor went to South Sudan were Ebola also is and helped deliver a baby! That's impressive. But then there's WHO (World Health Organization), an organization of United Nations agency since 1948 to provide leadership on global health matters including monitoring and assessing health trends and providing technical support to countries. Wow, they do a lot. The world bank pledged up to $200 million to pay for urgently needed medical supplies and medical staff. That's a lot of money!

What If A Person In Canada Has Ebola?

It's not likely for Ebola to spread to Canada since we have effective ways to isolate and treat patients who show symptoms. Our country refined it's response to contagious viruses during the 2003 SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) epidemic. That tragedy led to deaths of 44 people in Canada, and 750 worldwide. "SARS was the perfect wake-up call. Our health care system improved dramatically after SARS," says Dr. Jay Keystone, a doctor working at Toronto general hospital. But, if Ebola were to spread to Canada, all points of entry to Canada are being monitored, and travellers with symptoms are quickly identified. What's more, because the virus doesn't spread easily, even other passengers on the same flight as someone with Ebola, are at a low risk of being infected.

What Do Canadian Travellers Need To Know?

Canadian travellers need to know that since Ebola isn't likely to spread to Canada, they don't need to worry MUCH. But, they should always stay sanitary as possible. Just your regular washing your hands all the time, no coughing on people, just that kind of stuff. But if Ebola isn't likely to spread to Canada, that dose not mean you can just pretend like nothing is wrong and not be a part of this crisis. MSF and other organizations are trying really hard to keep people happy and healthy. So try your best to support even if it means putting a quarter in a Ebola-support box.
Big image
Ebola: The 2014 Outbreak Explained