cells

Samira Long

Plasma or Cell membrane

Description: The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.

Function: To protect the cell from its surroundings.

Present in both.

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Cell wall

Description: Molecular structure, could contain up to three layers containing the middle lamella and the outer layer.

Function: Acts as a pressure vessel.

Presents in plants.

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Cytoplasm

Description: The material or protoplasm within a living cell.

Function: Gives the cell it's shape.

Presents in both.

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Nucleus

description: Contains the genetic material.

Function: A barrier

Presents in both.

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Nuclear Membrane

Description: Surrounds the genetic material.

Function: A barrier.

Presents in both.

Nucleolus

Description: A small dense spherical structure in the nucleus of a cell during inter phase.

Function: To rewrite RNA and combine it with proteins.

Presents in Both.

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Centrioles

Description: A minute organelle rear nucleus spindle fibers in cell division.

Function: Helps divide the cell when ready.

Presents in both

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Chromatin

Description:The material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than bacteria are composed.

Function: helps pack DNA into a smaller volume to fit into the cell.

Presents in Plants.

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Ribosomes

Description: A minute particle consisting of RNA associated proteins

Function: Export the poly pep-tide produced into the cytoplasm where it will form a functional protein.

Presents in both.

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Golgi apparatus

Description: Involved in-secretion and intramuscular transport

Function: Modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion.

Presents in both.

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Endoplasmic reticulum

Description: An extensive membrane network held together by the cytoskeletion.

Function: It folds the protein molecules in sacs.

Presents in both.

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Mitochondria

Description: The biochemical process of respiration and energy production.

Function: Absorbs sunlight to help produce food.

Presents in Both.

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Chloroplast

Description: A plastic that contains chlorophyll (photo synthesis)

Function: Makes a chemical ATP.

Presents in plants.

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Lysosomes

Description: Cells containing degradation enzymes enclosed in membranes.

Function: Digests excess food particles.

Presents in animals

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Peroxisomes

Description: Contains the reducing enzyme Catalan and usually some oxidase.

Function: Breaks down the fatty acids through beta-oxidation.

Presents in both.

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Vacuole

Description: A space enclosed by a membrane.

Function: Might be to harmful or a threat to a cell.

Presents in both.

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Cytoskeleton

Description: Gives them shape and coherence.

Function: Helps shape the cell

Presents in both.

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