Mangroves Are The Beginning of Life
Beginnings in Mangroves
Mangroves are a place of beginnings. Many creatures come here to live and have families. Mangroves are both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Mangroves are home to many endangered animals including the Florida Manatee and the Key Deer. Hurricanes keep the trees from growing too big. There are three different types of mangrove trees- Black, Red and White. A place where you can see some is in the Everglades. Mangroves are amazing if you get to know them.
Mangroves are home to many plants and animals. Plants include the three mangrove trees and another tree called a buttonwood. In the trees many animals come to build nests or dens. Brown pelicans make their homes there. Animals include the American Alligator, Florida Manatee and Key Deer. Amphipods play a very important role. They are tiny shrimp-like decomposers. They eat up on dead creatures and plants.
Life there includes:
Plants- Mangrove trees, buttonwood, shrubs and sea grasses
Reptiles- American alligator and Hawksbill Sea Turtle
Birds- Brown Pelican and Peregrine Falcon
Mammals- Key Deer and Florida Manatee
Fish- Smalltooth Sawfish
The mangroves get daily tides. The tides bring in blackish sediment. The temperature can reach heights of about 87 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature never reaches below 66 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature ever does then the mangroves will freeze and die. The water is called blackish. It's called this because the water is both freshwater and saltwater together. The average humidity level is 74%. The winds help keep the height of the mangroves from reaching too high. Sunlight is abundant in this place but the mangroves get most of it because they tower over everything else. Creatures get most of their nutrients from the mangroves. They give off a special nutrients. Pollution effects include destroying of mangroves. Oil spills and deforestation cause a lot of damage. Without the trees the animals won't survive.
The mangrove forests may not look like much but once you're inside it's very beautiful. you can hear a lot of noise there. Bird calls, animal talk, etc. The smell has a mixture of saltiness and fresh air. Being out there makes you feel like a free wild animal. The mangroves are beautiful. Go out and find some mangroves. If your lucky you might find an alligator or other animals.
Black Mangroves are the dominant species.
This is the fastest bird in the world.
It is related to sharks and stingrays.
My ecosystem has many consumers. The main producer is the Mangrove Trees. The decomposer is an amphipod. The apex predator is the American Alligator.
Where To Find Mangroves
Mangroves are found along the west coast of Florida. Near the Gulf of Mexico. They can also be found south of Florida. They can be found near beaches. National parks to see them include the Everglades in Miami and National Key Deer Wildlife Reserve in the Florida Keys. The government protects the ones in the parks but not in the wild. Deforestation, oil spills and cold weather destroy them. In Mangroves you can go bird watching or go watching animals. It is really pretty.
Endangered Animal: Florida Manatee
The florida manatee is a manatee native to the waters around Florida. They live the ocean but often go up rivers and got to marshes and mangroves to breed. They are marine mammals. These manatees are herbivores or plant-eaters. They eat sea grasses. Florida manatees are also known as West Indian Manatee. Since they are mammals they breathe air. When a calf is born the cow or mother will push the calf to the surface to breathe for the first time. A group of manatees is led by the alpha bull or male. Adult manatees average in length between 8 and 13 feet. They can weigh from about 800 to 3500 pounds. They are endangered because of boat collisions, harassment and pollution. People like to try climbing on their backs and ride them. This is called harassment. Because of this stuff there are only 5000 left in the wild.
Human Impacts on Mangroves
Humans impact mangrove forests a lot. Impacts include deforestation, oil spills and chemicals. People want to have more space for towns and cities so they decide to cut down the trees. This is called deforestation. They use the land that they took from the wild to put buildings. Animals and plants alike are getting destroyed. Another dangerous impacts are oil spills. When a ship full of oil leaks the oil goes in the water to the mangroves. The mangroves die because the oil is toxic and so will other plants and animals. Herbicide is very dangerous. when it is used the plants die. With no vegetation it will cause a food-chain reaction. With no vegetation then the herbivores will die. With no animals to eat the carnivores will die. With that the only animal here is the decomposer, the amphipod. It will reproduce rapidly and then there will be nothing to eat and that will die. There will be none left.