Coronary Artery Disease

A Cardiovascular Disease

Facts

It is a result of plaque buildup in your coronary arteries.

Causes arteries to become narrow and rigid.

Results in a loss of blood flow to the heart.

Caused by cholesterol-laden plaque start to develop on the artery walls.

The plaque builds up and causes heart attacks and blood clots.

Greater than 83% of people who die from CAD are over the age of 65.

Men have a greater risk of heart attacks caused by CAD.

Men also tend to have heart attacks caused by CAD earlier in life.

Children whose parents have CAD have a greater risk of developing the disease.

Increased levels of cholesterol means an increased risk for CAD.

Causes of CAD

Any problem with a person's coronary arteries which prevents their heart

from receiving enough blood containing appropriate levels of oxygen and nutrients can cause coronary artery disease.

The most prevalent form of CAD is Atherosclerosis.

CAD Symptoms

Fainting spells

Pain in the upper abdomen

Palpitations or dizziness

Shortness of breath after exertion

Unexplained nausea, vomiting, and sweating

ETC

CAD Diagnosis

The first symptoms a person normally experiences are a heart attack or sudden cardiac arrest. A doctor will review a person's family history, medical history, and they will perform a physical examination to determine that the person has CAD.

CAD Treatments

Treatment has the goals of balancing the supply of blood to the person's heart with demand for oxygen, while preventing the worsening of symptoms associated with coronary artery disease. What follows are some methods of treating CAD,

Aspirin

Nitroglycerin

Calcium Channel Blockers

ACE Inhibitors

Statins

Coronary Angioplasty

Stent