Bill of Rights

Redmon Warmsley, 12/16/14, 5th block

What is the Bill of Rights, and who wrote it?

The bill of rights is ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, written by James Madison.
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The First Amendment: Freedom of speech, the press, and religion

Congress will never make a law to force you to believe in one religion, to stop the meeting of people, or deny the people and presses freedom of speech.

Court Case: Ramos v. Town of Vernon

The town of Vernon wanted to create a town curfew. But when it was brought to court, it was found not needed because there had been no unusual amount of crime in Vernon, so it was ruled unconstitutional.

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The Second Amendment: The right to bear arms

We will never take away the peoples right to bear arms.

Court Case: Bliss v. Commonwealth

A man named Bliss was carrying a sword concealed in his cane, then was fined 100$. After, he took the court to case and won because there is no limit to what type of weapon (or arms) you may bear.

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The Third Amendment: The right to privacy in the home

People will never be forced to live with an uninvited soldier in their house.

Court Case: Nevada court case

The police used this mans house to gain a tactical advantage in domestic violence case next door. But the court said that the officers counted as soldiers.

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The Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable search & seizure

No officer or government official can just walk into your house and search through your stuff without a warrant.

Court Case: Arizona v. Evans

A man named Evans had officers come inside his home with a warrant. But later found that the warrant was issued in error, so the court issued the "good faith rule".

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The Fifth Amendment: Double jeopardy

A crime against the government must be decided by a grand jury, if your not found guilty you can be tried again.

Court Case: Barron v. Baltimore

The court found that the city did not have to pay for the damages done to private property.

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The Sixth Amendment: The rights of the accused in criminal cases

I f you committed a crime , your trial should happen asap, and your trial can not be keep a secret.

Court Case: Barker v. Wingo

A man named Barker was accused of a crime several years before the case. The court ruled that Barkers right to fast trial was violated since he did not bring the case to the court until several days later.

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The Seventh Amendment: The right to a jury trial

Once a case if brought before a jury with a lot of money, you can not bring the same cases to a different jury.

Court Case: Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television inc.

After certain shows were cancelled on network. A man named Feltner continued to play them. During the case he was found guilty because the show was not supposed to be showed anymore.

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The Eight Amendment: Preventing cruel and unusaul punishment

The government can not punish you in a unusually cruel way, or make you pay a unreasonably high bail.

Court Case: Stack v. Boyle

10 people were arrested in 1951, and were charged excessive bail amounts. The the Supreme Court said the bail charge was to high and charged them less, the other court was guilty.

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The Ninth Amendment: Rights retained by the people

The government can not take the rights from the people, the ones in this document or any others.

Court case: Roe v. Wade

A lawyer named McCorvey, had a struggle with abortion in her past. Then when she got older she wanted to make abortion legal in Texas.

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The Tenth Amendment: Limiting federal power

The states still have the power to regulate laws in there states within the bill of rights.

Court Case: Lopez v. U.S.

A senior brought a concealed gun with him to school and was arrested. Charged with violating the Gun free school zone Act of 1990. Then the supreme court said the boy was innocent, because the state was exceeding its power by making that law.

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