Bill of Rights
Redmon Warmsley, 12/16/14, 5th block
What is the Bill of Rights, and who wrote it?
The First Amendment: Freedom of speech, the press, and religion
Court Case: Ramos v. Town of Vernon
The town of Vernon wanted to create a town curfew. But when it was brought to court, it was found not needed because there had been no unusual amount of crime in Vernon, so it was ruled unconstitutional.
The Second Amendment: The right to bear arms
Court Case: Bliss v. Commonwealth
A man named Bliss was carrying a sword concealed in his cane, then was fined 100$. After, he took the court to case and won because there is no limit to what type of weapon (or arms) you may bear.
The Third Amendment: The right to privacy in the home
Court Case: Nevada court case
The police used this mans house to gain a tactical advantage in domestic violence case next door. But the court said that the officers counted as soldiers.
The Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable search & seizure
Court Case: Arizona v. Evans
A man named Evans had officers come inside his home with a warrant. But later found that the warrant was issued in error, so the court issued the "good faith rule".
The Fifth Amendment: Double jeopardy
Court Case: Barron v. Baltimore
The court found that the city did not have to pay for the damages done to private property.
The Sixth Amendment: The rights of the accused in criminal cases
Court Case: Barker v. Wingo
A man named Barker was accused of a crime several years before the case. The court ruled that Barkers right to fast trial was violated since he did not bring the case to the court until several days later.
The Seventh Amendment: The right to a jury trial
Court Case: Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television inc.
After certain shows were cancelled on network. A man named Feltner continued to play them. During the case he was found guilty because the show was not supposed to be showed anymore.
The Eight Amendment: Preventing cruel and unusaul punishment
Court Case: Stack v. Boyle
10 people were arrested in 1951, and were charged excessive bail amounts. The the Supreme Court said the bail charge was to high and charged them less, the other court was guilty.
The Ninth Amendment: Rights retained by the people
Court case: Roe v. Wade
A lawyer named McCorvey, had a struggle with abortion in her past. Then when she got older she wanted to make abortion legal in Texas.
The Tenth Amendment: Limiting federal power
Court Case: Lopez v. U.S.
A senior brought a concealed gun with him to school and was arrested. Charged with violating the Gun free school zone Act of 1990. Then the supreme court said the boy was innocent, because the state was exceeding its power by making that law.