Properties of niobium
This is a silvery metal that has some shine to it.Niobium has an atomic mass of 92.90638(93) and an atomic radius of 198pm. The melting point it 2477°C (4491°F) and a boiling point of 4744°C (8571°F), while it is a solid at room temperature. It's density is 8.570 g/cc. This metal has a superconductivity property.
This metal is not very flammable and has a lower reactivity level
Other important information
People behind the discovery
He discovered this metal in 1801 while in a museum looking at other substances. Columbite in particular. He had a hunk that there was another metal in it and he was right.
Rose doubted Hatchett and did his own research finding that the metal he discovered could be separated. It was not easily separated but it was done.
He reduced niobium chloride by heating it with hydrogen gas.
Uses of Niobium
It is found commonly in stainless steel to improve the strength, but also in many other things for the same reason.
Niobe comes from Greek Mythology. The name comes from the daughter of Tantalus.
Another interesting thing is it is used in glasses to help make the lenses thinner.