Jimmy Carter

Road to Presidency

Carter's Early Life

  • James Earl Carter, Jr was born in Plains, Georgia on October 1, 1924.
  • Carter had a military career but returned to his hometown due to his fathers passing. Carter, Rosalyn his wife, and their four children managed the family peanut farm.

Senator

  • Carter began his political career when he won the senator for the 14th district of Georgia in 1962.
  • While in the state Senate he served two terms and promoted the need for reorganizing Georgia's system while in office.

Governor

  • Won the senate race in 1970 and quickly began to create a new Georgia.
  • He used his four years in office to reconstruct the entire st government and completely change the format of the state budget.
  • He also pushed for reforms ineducation, mental health, and criminal justice systems and favored business & industrial in Georgia

Presidency

  • In the 1976 election, Carter defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford to become the 39th president of the United States
  • President Carter created several new programs and departments that are still a fundamental part of the federal government today during his served presidency from 1977 to 1981

Camp David Accords

  • For centuries, Arabs and Jews have fought over land in the Middle East
  • President Carter invited Egypt's president and Israel's prime minister to Camp David ( the presidents personal retreat ) to try to work out a peace agreement.
  • The leaders negotiated a peace treaty and signed the Camp David Accords on September 17, 1978.
  • Many saw it as a diplomatic miracle and Carter was given credit for his role in negotiating the agreement.

Soviets

  • After exercising his foreign policy in the Middle East, he established the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union which limited the number of nuclear weapons.
  • The Soviets ignored this not to long after they agreed to its terms and they invaded Afghanistan.
  • President Carter responded with a grain embargo and a boycott of the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow. Although many Americans questioned his capability of being tough enough with the soviets.

Iran Hostage Crisis

  • This damaged Carters Presidency even more
  • In 1979, Iranian students were captured by the US embassy in Tehran and took those inside hostages.
  • the students were angry that Carter allowing Iran's former leader to enter the US for medical treatment.
  • They demanded the Shah be returned to Iran in exchange for the hostage.
  • Carter refused and it continued.
  • Five months later Carter authorized a rescue attempt when a military helicopter crashed into a transport plane, killing several US soldiers.
  • Americans were furious and they blamed Carter for not taking better control of the situation/event
  • The Iranians agreed to release the hostage when Carter lost the 1980 election.

Post-Presidency

  • While his approval ratings may not have been high as president, Carter has become one of the most admired ex-presidents in history.
  • Carter has worked to promote democracy and human rights around the world, and has often been called on to represent the US in diplomatic efforts.
  • He built the Carter Center in Atlanta in 1982, and it works to fight diseases and starvation throughout the world.
  • The center has also monitored over 80 elections in 34 countries to ensure fair and balanced results and provided additional assistance to the democratic process.

Nobel Prize

  • For his dedication to humanitarian efforts and ending international conflict, Carter was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2002
  • The award is given to the person whose work has most benefited mankind