Road to Presidency
Carter's Early Life
- James Earl Carter, Jr was born in Plains, Georgia on October 1, 1924.
- Carter had a military career but returned to his hometown due to his fathers passing. Carter, Rosalyn his wife, and their four children managed the family peanut farm.
- Carter began his political career when he won the senator for the 14th district of Georgia in 1962.
- While in the state Senate he served two terms and promoted the need for reorganizing Georgia's system while in office.
- Won the senate race in 1970 and quickly began to create a new Georgia.
- He used his four years in office to reconstruct the entire st government and completely change the format of the state budget.
- He also pushed for reforms ineducation, mental health, and criminal justice systems and favored business & industrial in Georgia
- In the 1976 election, Carter defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford to become the 39th president of the United States
- President Carter created several new programs and departments that are still a fundamental part of the federal government today during his served presidency from 1977 to 1981
Camp David Accords
- For centuries, Arabs and Jews have fought over land in the Middle East
- President Carter invited Egypt's president and Israel's prime minister to Camp David ( the presidents personal retreat ) to try to work out a peace agreement.
- The leaders negotiated a peace treaty and signed the Camp David Accords on September 17, 1978.
- Many saw it as a diplomatic miracle and Carter was given credit for his role in negotiating the agreement.
- After exercising his foreign policy in the Middle East, he established the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union which limited the number of nuclear weapons.
- The Soviets ignored this not to long after they agreed to its terms and they invaded Afghanistan.
- President Carter responded with a grain embargo and a boycott of the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow. Although many Americans questioned his capability of being tough enough with the soviets.
Iran Hostage Crisis
- This damaged Carters Presidency even more
- In 1979, Iranian students were captured by the US embassy in Tehran and took those inside hostages.
- the students were angry that Carter allowing Iran's former leader to enter the US for medical treatment.
- They demanded the Shah be returned to Iran in exchange for the hostage.
- Carter refused and it continued.
- Five months later Carter authorized a rescue attempt when a military helicopter crashed into a transport plane, killing several US soldiers.
- Americans were furious and they blamed Carter for not taking better control of the situation/event
- The Iranians agreed to release the hostage when Carter lost the 1980 election.
- While his approval ratings may not have been high as president, Carter has become one of the most admired ex-presidents in history.
- Carter has worked to promote democracy and human rights around the world, and has often been called on to represent the US in diplomatic efforts.
- He built the Carter Center in Atlanta in 1982, and it works to fight diseases and starvation throughout the world.
- The center has also monitored over 80 elections in 34 countries to ensure fair and balanced results and provided additional assistance to the democratic process.
- For his dedication to humanitarian efforts and ending international conflict, Carter was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2002
- The award is given to the person whose work has most benefited mankind