STD's

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Info about STD---Signs & symptoms, If it treatable or not, if it is treatable, how? Prevention/protection, Any complications it can cause in later years (include if it affects pregnancy)

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Signs and symptoms: Fever, Chills, Rash, Night sweats, Muscle aches, Sore throat, Fatigue, Swollen lymph nodes, and Mouth ulcers

Is it treatable: There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. But there are treatments for people living with HIV/AIDS.

Prevention/Protection:, Use condoms, Limit your number of sexual partners, Get tested and treated for STDs, Talk to your healthcare provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis,and Don’t inject drugs.

Any complications it can cause in later years (include if it affects pregnancy): People who have HIV are more likely to have other diseases later in life such as opportunistic infections.


Herpes

Signs and symptoms: Blisters, Flu-like symptoms, Swollen lymph nodes, Headaches, Backaches, and Itching

Is it treatable: There is no cure for herpes. However, there are medicines that can prevent or shorten outbreaks. One of these herpes medicines can be taken daily, and makes it less likely that you will pass the infection onto your sex partner.

Prevention/Protection: Use, or have your partner use, a latex condom during every sexual contact, and Avoid intercourse if either partner has an outbreak of herpes in the genital area or anywhere else

Any complications later in life: If a person does not use medicine to stop it from spreading, a person can get blindness, liver, lung, and joints, can be damaged, and fever blisters


Chlamydia:

Signs and symptoms: Pain or bleeding during sex, Bleeding between periods, Nausea or fever, and Abdominal, lower back pain or a heavy feeling around the hips

Is it treatable: As of now, there is no cure for chlamydia

Prevention: Get tested before you have sex, use condoms

Any complications later in life: Women may have infertility later in life if they are not careful.


Gonorrhea:

Signs and Symptoms: greater frequency or urgency of urination, a pus-like discharge from the penis (white, yellow, beige, or greenish), swelling or redness at the opening of the penis, swelling or pain in the testicles,a and a persistent sore throat.

Is it treatable: Yes, gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure your infection. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not undo any permanent damage caused by the disease.

Prevention: Avoid sexual contact if you have symptoms of an STI or are being treated for an STI and Avoid sexual contact with anyone who has symptoms of an STI or who may have been exposed to an STI.

Complications later in life: Chronic pelvic pain, Infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome,a dn Inflammation of glands


Syphilis:

Signs and Symptoms: Primary Syphilis: develop one or more sores. The sores are usually small painless ulcers. They occur on the genitals or in or around the mouth somewhere between 10-90 days after exposure. Even without treatment they heal without a scar within six weeks, Secondary Stage: People with secondary syphilis experience a rosy rash typically on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, Later Syphilis: This is where the infection lies dormant (inactive) without causing symptoms, and Tertiary syphilis. If the infection isn't treated, it may then progress to a stage characterized by severe problems with the heart, brain, and nerves that can result in paralysis, blindness

Is it treatable: If syphilis is left untreated, it can cause serious and permanent problems such as dementia, blindness, or death.

Prevention: Avoid intimate contact with a person you know is infected and If you do not know if a sexual partner is infected, use a condom in every sexual encounter.

Complications later in life: If pregnant, a baby may die or will have the symptoms of the mother.


Trichomoniasis:

Signs and Symptoms: irritation inside the penis, Mild discharge, Slight burning after urination or ejaculation, Discomfort during intercourse, and Lower abdominal pain

Is it treatable: Usually an oral antibiotic is given to treat trichomoniasis. It is the only drug that should be used to treat trichomoniasis if there is any chance that you could be pregnant.

Prevention: practice safe sex

Complications later in life: pregnant women may cause premature rupture of the membranes that protect the baby, and early delivery. The genital inflammation caused by trichomonas might also increase a woman's risk of acquiring HIV infection if she is exposed to HIV.


Pubic Lice (Crabs):

Signs and Symptoms: itching in the genital area

Is it treatable: A lice-killing lotion containing 1% permethrin or a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide can be used to treat it.

Prevention: Pubic lice may spread through clothing, bedding, or toilet seats. If you have it, do not make contact with other people.

Complications later in life: Discolored skin. Pale blue spots may develop where pubic lice have been feeding continually, Secondary infections. If itchy lice bites cause you to scratch yourself raw, these wounds can become infected, and Eye irritations. Children who have pubic lice on their eyelashes may develop a type of pink eye


Hepatitis B:

Symptoms: infection of your liver. It can cause scarring of the organ, liver failure, and cancer. It can be fatal if it isn’t treated. It’s spread when people come in contact with the blood, open sores, or body fluids of someone who has the hep B virus.

Is it treatable: a vaccine and a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin. This protein boosts your immune system and helps it fight off the infection.

Prevention: Get vaccinated (if you haven’t already been infected), Use condoms every time you have sex, Wear gloves when you clean up after others, especially if you have to touch bandages, tampons, and linens, and Cover all open cuts or wounds.

Complications later in life: You can affect others later in life by not getting this cured. You can transmit it through open wounds, and sharing toothbrushes


HPV:

Signs and Symptoms: if genital warts show up, it's an indication of HPV infection. Genital warts take on many different appearances. They can be raised, flat, pink, or flesh-colored. They can even be shaped like cauliflower. Sometimes there is a single wart; other times multiple warts appear.

Is it treatable: While there is no cure for HPV, the good news is the infection often clears on its own. If it does not, and treatment is needed, there are many HPV treatment options

Prevention: safer sex, figure out what partner has before having sex

Complications later in life: if not treated, hpv can cause cervical cancer or anal cancer


Mycoplasma genitalium:

Signs and Symptoms: Pain in the pelvic area and pain during sexual intercourse; An abnormal vaginal discharge; A red, inflamed cervix on speculum examination. Mycoplasma genitalium has recently been identified as a sexually transmitted infection.

Is it treatable: no it is not curable

Prevention: safer sex, ask partner is they have any diseases before having sex

Complications later in life: acute and chronic urethritis in men if not treated soon