Family and Medical Leave Act 1993

Adopted in 1993 to balance the demands of the workplace

The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA)

A United States federal law requiring covered employers to provide employees job-protected and unpaid leave for qualified medical and family reasons.

It is important for the development of children and the family unit that fathers and mothers be able to participate in early child rearing and the care of family members who have serious health conditions.

Qualified medical and family reasons include: personal or family illness, family military leave, pregnancy, adoption, or the foster care placement of a child.

FMLA applies to all public agencies, including state, local and federal employers, local education agencies (schools), and private-sector employers who employed 50 or more employees in 20 or more workweeks in the current or preceding calendar year, including joint employers and successors of covered employers.

To balance the demands of the workplace with the needs of families, to promote the stability and economic security of families, and to promote national interests in preserving family integrity.