Mary Whiton Calkins


  • Born on March 30, 1863
  • Died in February 26, 1930


  • Graduated from Smith College.
  • Had a sister who died in 1883.
  • First woman to complete the requirements for a Ph.D. in Phsycology in 1895.
  • First woman to get doctorate from Harvard.
  • Was elected president of the APA in 1918.
  • Taught Greek at a college for three years.

Contribution to Psycology

  • Wrote over a hundred professional papers on psychology and philosophy.
  • Paired association technique in self-psychology.