Civil War

Matt McQuaid

Mogwick

Civil War March Music by Mogwick

Abraham Lincoln

Union

Birth: February 12, 1809

Death: April 15, 1865

Importance in Civil War: Lincoln was the Union president and very strong minded about ending slavery. He was a very important force outside of battles on ending the war.

Interesting Fact: He was the tallest president ever standing at 6'4''

Ulysses S. Grant

Union

Birth: April 27, 1882

Death: July 23, 1885

Importance in Civil War: As Commanding General, Grant worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War. His later victories, two were the Battle of Vicksburg, and Chattanooga.

Interesting Fact: President Grant’s real name was Hiram Ulysses Grant

Jefferson Davis

Confederacy

Birth: June 3, 1808

Death: December 6, 1889

Importance in Civil War: Jefferson Davis was an American politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history during the Civil War. a West Point graduate

Interesting Fact: Davis wrote a memoir entitled. "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government", which he completed in 1881.

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

Confederacy

Birth: January 21, 1824

Death: May 10, 1863

Importance in Civil War: Very important Confederate General and Leader. He led the confederate forces at the 1st Battle of Bull Run

Interesting Fact: He was shot 4 times throughout the Civil War.

Elizabeth Blackwell

Union

Birth: February 3, 1821

Death: May 31, 1910

Importance in Civil War: The first woman to earn a medical license. Helped to convince president Lincoln to form the U.S sanitary commission. Which greatly aided the Union soldiers in the war.

Interesting Fact: Since 1949, the American Medical Women's Association has awarded the Elizabeth Blackwell Medal annually to a woman physician.

Frederick Douglas

Union

Birth: February 1818

Death: February 20, 1895

Importance in Civil War: He was a very important leader and speaker for African Americans during the Civil war. He also was an Abolitionist that celebrated the Emancipation Proclamation.

Interesting Fact: he founded "The North Star" an abolitionist newspaper

1st Battle of Bull Run

What Happened: Union troops were forced into retreat by the confederates led by Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. Eventually being defeated by the Confederate Army.

Where: Manassas, Virginia

When: July 1861

Victory: Confederate

Battle of Getysburg

What Happened: Union victory. That turned the tide against the confederates at Gettysburg. Resulted in the loss of 50,000 soldiers

Where: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

When: July 1, 1863- July 3, 1863

Victory: Union

Appomattox Courthouse

What Happened: The confederacy officially surrendered to the Union

Where: The Appomattox Courthouse in Appomattox, Virginia

When: 1865

Robert E. Lee

Confederacy

Birth: January 19, 1807

Death: October 12, 1870

Importance in Civil War: In June 1861, Lee began command of the Army of Northern Virginia, which he would lead for the rest of the war. Lee and his army achieved great success during the Peninsula Campaign and at Second Bull Run (Mansassas) and Fredericksburg, with his greatest victory coming in the bloody Battle of Chancellorsville.

Interesting Fact: His last words were "Strike the tent."

Emancipation Proclimation

When: January 1, 1863

What Happened: As they approached the third year of the civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."

Where: America

Battle of Fort Sumter

What Happened: Before sunrise April 12th 1861 confederate soldiers opened fire on Fort Sumter. They bombarded the fort for 34 hours until the Union surrendered.

Where: Fort Sumter, Charleston, South Carolina

When: April 12, 1861

Victory: Confederacy