Come to the Maryland Colony!

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The Geography of Maryland Colony

One of the most noticeable bays, the Chesapeake Bay, gave the colony lots of seafood. They used the rivers to their advantage by making farms along the banks.Several forts were built in the mountainous region to protect fro Indian attacks.The Piedmont region was where they farmed a lot of food.

Religion of Maryland

The colonists of Maryland were Christians, Quakers, Jews, Lutherans and others. They went to church on Sundays and stayed all day. The Great Awakening, which took place in the 18th century, led people to refocus on church and religion. Lord Baltimore, who was a christian, drew up a charter to establish churches of all religions.




Who Founded Maryland & why?

In 1633, Lord Baltimore founded Maryland and named it after Queen Henrietta Maria of England, the wife of Charles I. It became a state on April 28, 1788. He planned on Maryland being a haven for Catholics who suffered political and religious discrimination in England, but few Catholics settled in the colony.


Maryland's Economy

During the third quarter of the seventeenth century, Maryland created a strong economic structure. Tobacco was a very important part in the economy. Large-scale farming was possible by using a large number of indentured servants from England. Fluctuation in tobacco prices caused a prolonged economic depression from 1660 to the early 1700s.

Maryland's Government

The Act of Religious Toleration was made by the colonial assembly to be the first law in the colonies to grant freedom to worship. Virginia's colonial government structure resembled that of England's county courts and contrasted with the theocratic government of Massachusetts Bay.