What reasons do people use genocide? -Cora Lanzo 3-4

Background of Genocide

  • Genocide is mass killing of people of a certain ethnic group or religion.
  • The Armenian genocide (1915-1923) was the first of the 20th century to capture world-wide attention.
  • Genocide has been around since the 1900's.
  • Genocide is a war crime.
  • Most Genocides occur during war.

Causes of Genocide

  • The Genocide Convention, which defines genocide as “intent to destroy"
  • Human beings are capable of very bad things , one includes genocide. Genocide is usually caused by one race wanting another race gone .
  • All genocides usually start when people of one race or religion want to dispose of people of another race or religion
  • Because they have a hatred of one particular race.
  • Such movements find expression more readily when powerful political entities are made up of a common ethnicity and when minorities are marginalized.

Effects of Genocide

  • Genocide leaves buildings damaged, people traumatised, and lots of people killed
  • More than 60 years ago, the United Nations defined genocide as a crime withthe intention to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religiousgroup. Since then, social scientists and historians have contributed significantly toour understanding of genocide: by explaining its roots, describing its dynamics,and discussing its consequences (Fein, 2002; Newman & Erber, 2002; Staub,1989). The UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide created important tools for punishing perpetrators of genocidal crimes;however, it failed to prevent genocide in the decades thereafter. This is why researchers studying genocide are confronted not only with historical cases such.
  • Genocides can wipe out a full race.
  • 1994 genocide saw 800,000, mostly minority Tutsis, killed in just 100 days.
  • Genocide is very bad for the enviroment and people. Millions get killed.

Real World Examples of Genocide

  • In 1915 the first genocide occured, ethnic Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire were rounded up, deported and executed on orders of the government. The combination of massacres, forced deportation marches and deaths due to disease in concentration camps is estimated to have killed more than 1 million ethnic Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks between 1915 and 1923.
  • In 1933 the Holocaust occured, the Nazi Party implemented a highly organized strategy of persecution and murder. Their targets were the so-called “undesirables”: Jews, Slavs, Roma, the disabled, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and homosexuals, as well as political and religious dissidents. Over 11 million people were killed.
  • In 1975 the Cambodia occured, When the Khmer Rouge took control of the Cambodian government in 1975, they declared the beginning of a new age dedicated to a peasant-oriented society. Instead, after outlawing education, religion, healthcare and technology, the Khmer Rouge ordered the evacuation of Cambodia’s cities and forced these residents to labor without adequate food or rest. Those who were unable to keep up were often executed. At the same time, the Khmer Rouge began to target suspected political dissidents. These citizens, including doctors, teachers and those suspected of being educated were singled out for torture at the notorious Tuol Sleng prison. In four years, between 1.7 and 2 million Cambodians died in the Khmer Rouge’s ‘Killing Fields.’
  • In 1991 Bosnia occured, Beginning in 1991, Yugoslavia began to break up along ethnic lines as political leaders such as Slobodan Milosevic began to use nationalist sentiment as a political tool. While Slovenian independence was relatively bloodless, Croatia’s declaration sparked a civil war between the province and the Yugoslav government. Troops from the mostly Serb Yugoslav army entered Croatian territory and committed widespread human rights abuses, including the siege of Vukovar and the shelling of Dubrovnik.
  • !n 1990 Rwanda was taking place in Africa, Civil war broke out in Rwanda in 1990, further exacerbating tensions between the Tutsi minority and Hutu majority. Although a peace agreement was reached in 1992, political negotiations continued. In 1994, as he returned from the latest round of talks in neighboring Tanzania, Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana was killed when his plane was shot down outside of the country’s capital, Kigali. Habyarimana’s death provided the spark for an organized campaign of violence against Tutsi and moderate Hutu civilians across the country. Despite the efforts of United Nations peacekeepers, extremist Hutu groups killed between 800,000 and 1 million people across the country in only 100 days.

Final Thoughts

My question was, what reasons do people use genocide? The answer to the question can be found above, or it can be found right here. Genocide is usually used to try to wipe out a whole race. It is usually used in wars against religion or different races. Most people use it in wars. (Except Hitler).Genocide has been around since the early 1900's and will still be around until the world ends, even though it's a war crime. Genocide is awful, let's end it!
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Sol Liber on the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Names, Not Numbers: YUHS Students Interview Alice Price, Holocaust Survivor