Differences in Post-School Outcomes

Youth with demographic differences

Differences were clear across young adults demographic information for some post high school outcomes, but not others

Post-secondary school enrollment or completion rates, school engagement, work and work training, and independence were similar for young men and women with disabilities but there are key differences:



  • Hours worked: men-38 hrs./week//women 32 hrs./week
  • 42% of women had a child post high school
  • 22% of men fathered a child post high school
  • Men were most likely to have carried a weapon within the last 30 days compared to women (24% vs. 7%)
  • Men were most likely to be stopped by police for a reason other than a traffic violation compared to women (58% vs. 37%)
  • Men were most likely to have been arrested (39% vs. 21%) and jailed overnight (21% vs. 9%) when compared to women


Income Levels

Households with different income levels were similar in the aspects of post secondary enrollment and completion rates, social and community involvement, residential independence, involvement in violence related activities and interactions with the criminal justice system. However, young adults with disabilities who came from wealthier families experienced more positive outcomes.







  • Parent households of $25,0001-50, 000 and $50,000+ were more likely employed at the time of the interview than young adults from household incomes of $25,000 or less. 71% vs. 65% vs. 44%
  • Incomes of $50,000+ were less likely to be fired than those from incomes of $25,000 or less. 4% vs. 20%
  • When comparing the lowest income category ($25,000 or less) to the highest income category ($50,000+) the individuals from the higher category were most likely to have a savings account ( 75% vs. 43%), checking account (70% vs. 40%) and a credit card (50% vs. 26%).
  • Young adults from the highest income category were less likely to be in the lowest individual income category than those from the lowest income category. 68% vs. 87%
  • Lower and middle class adult males were more likely to have fathered a child than those in the highest. 38% vs. 37% vs ~15%
  • The highest income group was more likely to have daily electronic communication than those from the lowest income group. 37% vs. 20%
  • Adults from the upper income groups were more likely to have driving privileges. 87% vs. 67%


Racial/Ethnic Influence

There were no significant differences across racial and ethnic groups in school engagement, work or preparation for work, post secondary school enrollment and completion, social and community involvement and involvement in violence related activities. The key differences are:



  • African Americans with disabilities were more likely to have fathered a child than Whites with disabilities. 26% vs. 45%
  • White individuals were more likely to be married than African Americans. 17% vs. 4%
  • Whites with disabilities were more likely to have a checking account (66% vs. 39%) and a credit card (44% vs. 26%) than African Americans
  • Whites were more likely to have driving privileges than compared to African Americans. 84% vs. 63%


All information cited from:

Newman, L., Wagner, M., Knokey, A.-M., Marder, C., Nagle, K., Shaver, D., Wei, X., with Cameto, R., Contreras, E., Ferguson, K., Greene, S., and Schwarting, M. (2011). The Post-High School Outcomes of Young Adults With Disabilities up to 8 Years After High School. A Report From the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) (NCSER 2011-3005). Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. Available at www.nlts2.org/reports/