What Is Schizophrenia?

By: Krystina Murphy

What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is, "a long term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusional, and a sense of mental fragmentation." Google. (n.d). Retrieved May 12, 2016, from https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant
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What Contributes to Schizophrenia?

  • It is believed to be carried down by genes.
  • The environment can influence or cause the one with the disorder to act absurd.
  • It can be influences by the actions of others.
  • It can be caused by a chemical imbalance by producing too much or too little of something.

Warning Sings of Schizophrenia?

  • Hearing or seeing something that may not be there
  • Confused or altered thoughts
  • Having the feeling people are "out to get them"
  • Odd or irrational behavior
  • Delayed responses and functions
  • Having difficulty telling reality from fantasy
  • Withdrawing themselves from different scenarios
  • Vivid and unnatural ideas and details
  • Sudden mood swings
  • Fear or suspicion
  • Difficulty speaking or doing small tasks
  • Feeling as if mind is playing tricks on them
  • Increased sensitivity
  • Fear their brain isn't working properly

Symptoms of Schizophrenia?

  • Delusional--False memories, ideas or thoughts; may make them imagine assumptions.
  • Hallucination--Using the five sense: touch, taste, smell, hear and feel to imagine things.
  • Disorganization--Using nonsensical order to talk or interpret something; often make up their own sounds or words to fill in the gaps in which they don't understand.

How Does Schizophrenia Affect An Individual?

  • Social Withdrawal
  • Inattentive
  • Emotional Unresponsiveness
  • Non-initiative
  • Can't think "correctly"
  • Disorganized/Lost
  • Lack of Control

Different Types of Schizophrenia?

  • Paranoid--Feeling extremely suspicious for no apparent reason.
  • Disorganized--Incoherent in speech and thought process.
  • Catatonic--Withdrawing themselves from different situations
  • Residual--Not delusional or hallucinatory but has no initiative or drive.
  • Undifferentiated--Has both Schizophrenia and other mood disorder; such as, Bipolar, Borderline Personality Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, etc.
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Any Cures or "Quick" Fixes?

There are no cures, but there are precautions (Warning Signs) that may help you treat the disorder before it becomes a problem.

  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Psychiatric Therapy
  • Self-Help Groups
  • Drop In Centers
  • Housing Arrangements
  • Medications

Types of Medications?

There are two main types of medication used to treat Schizophrenia Disorders:

  1. Conventional Anti-psychotics--Control positive symptoms: hallucination/delusional.
  2. Atypical Anti-psychotics--Treat both positive and negative symptoms; less risks.
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Who Does Schizophrenia Affect?

  • Schizophrenia affects about 1 in 100 people
  • It affects men and women of all races, cultures, sizes, shapes equally.
  • Adults are affected by this disorder more than children
  • Symptoms of hallucination and delusional symptoms typically don't occur until the ages of 16-30
  • Women develop symptoms a little later than men; react to symptoms more harshly
  • Typically, this disorder doesn't evoke after the age of 45.

Case Study of Schizophrenia?

As a previously good student, everything became harder for an eleven year old boy affected by Schizophrenia. Academically he used to be ahead until things in school started to look more complex to him, blaming it on just being in a more advanced grade from the year before. The unnamed boy suddenly started to lack in school and the completion of his work. He became very anxious and often compared himself to other students in his class. Shortly after that he became sensitive, irritable, anxious and suspicious of everything around him. Shortly after this he started having some delusional and hallucinatory symptoms. Other problems such as concentration, confusion, sleep duration, stress level, etc started increasing.

From early ages, he seemed to be developing at the same milestones as other children. He was born at a total weight of six and a half pounds. He was teething at seven months. Talking about eleven months, and walking at a year and a quarter. Everything to his parents seemed normal. Throughout his early childhood education he still seemed as if he was just a normal boy.

As time went on, symptoms had been becoming more of a problem. He was fearful of failing, he had mood disposition of hopelessness, he was afraid of the dark and of being alone. He had delusional imagination. Sometimes when he walks he would believe something to be behind him. Concentrating was a difficult tasks. He often felt sensitive and tearful. The boy had felt sluggish all the time. And the delusions were still increasing.

This was becoming more of a problem for the parents and the boy; therefore, they had taken him to get evaluated. The prescribed him a dose of Calc. Carb 200. In as little as three days his depression was minimizing, his concentration was getting more efficient, and studying was able to be obtained again. On March 21st, six days later, he was able to show up for test and wasn’t worried about them. On April 25th, he had stood first in his class rank, once again. And finally, four years after being on the medication he had been studying efficiently, has been able to stay number one in his class, was able to take test without having anxiety, and had no prominent symptoms or other complications.

What Can YOU Do To Help Individuals With Schizophrenia?

  • Understand them
  • Don't combine or link their disorders with other disorders
  • Don't judge them
  • Set daily schedules for them
  • Set regular meetings with them (Counselor, Therapy, Schooling, Guidance, etc)
  • Talk with them
  • Reduce stress by going slow with them
  • Give them space when they need to "blow off" or think
  • Understand the disorder
  • And---Ask them what they would like you to do; How you can help them.